26 September 2019 : Animal Research
The Effect of Interleukin-6 (IL-6), Interleukin-11 (IL-11), Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription 3 (STAT3), and AKT Signaling on Adipocyte Proliferation in a Rat Model of Polycystic Ovary SyndromeZhaohui Zhuang1ABCE, Xiaohong Pan2BCD, Kai Zhao3CD, Wei Gao4EF, Juan Liu4EF, Tianqi Deng3CF, Wenmin Qin3ACDEG*
Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:7218-7227
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with low-grade inflammation, adipocyte hypertrophy, hyperglycemia, increased serum testosterone levels, and reduced lipolysis. This study aimed to investigate the role of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-11 in the pathophysiology of adipocyte hypertrophy in a rat model of PCOS.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The rat model of PCOS was developed using a subcutaneous injection of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). Histology of the rat ovaries was used to confirm the development of PCOS. Serum levels of testosterone and glucose were measured. Immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and Western blot were performed to measure IL-6 and IL-11 in the rat model of PCOS. Cell proliferation was measured using the cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay.
RESULTS: Serum levels of testosterone and glucose and the expression of IL-6 and IL-11 were significantly increased in the rat model of PCOS via the activation of AKT/STAT3 signaling. Following IL-6 and IL-11 stimulation of mesenchymal adipocytes isolated from adipose tissue, IL-6 and IL-11 induced cell proliferation through the STAT3/AKT signaling pathway.
CONCLUSIONS: In a rat model of PCOS, increased expression of IL-6 and IL-11 was associated with the AKT/STAT3 pathway. Increased levels of IL-6 and IL-11 stimulated adipocytes from adipose tissue of the rat model, which promoted cell proliferation by activating AKT/STAT3 signaling.
Keywords: Adipose Tissue, Interleukin-11, Interleukin-6, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
18 October 2021 : EditorialEditorial: Global Initiatives Support the Use and Regulation of Digital Health Technology During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935123
20 October 2021 : EditorialEditorial: The 2021 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Guidelines on the Real-World Prevention of Atheros...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935172
22 October 2021 : Clinical ResearchA Novel Method for the Production of an Autologous Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Catabolic Product (Cytorich) ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934365
11 October 2021 : Clinical ResearchClinical Features and Temporal Lung Radiographic Changes in 25 Patients Recovering from COVID-19 Pneumonia:...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933381
22 Oct 2021 : Clinical ResearchUlnar Groove Plasty Guided by a 3D Printing Technique for Moderate to Severe Cubital Tunnel Syndrome Caused...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933775
22 Oct 2021 : Clinical ResearchTotal Fluoroscopy Time Reduction During Ultrasound- and Fluoroscopy-Guided Percutaneous Transhepatic Biliar...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933889
22 Oct 2021 : Clinical ResearchCorrelation Between Severity of Illness and Levels of Free Triiodothyronine, Interleukin-6, and Interleukin...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933230
Most Viewed Current Articles
20 Mar 2020 : Clinical ResearchSocial Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921
15 Apr 2020 : Clinical ResearchPsychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171
05 May 2020 : Review articleAn Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700