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10 April 2019 : Animal Research  

Mesenchymal Stem Cells Alleviate Acute Lung Injury and Inflammatory Responses Induced by Paraquat Poisoning

Lichun Zhang1ABCDEF, Qiuhe Li1BCDE, Wei Liu1BCDE, Zhenning Liu1BCDF, Haitao Shen2BCDF, Min Zhao1ADFG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.915804

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:2623-2632

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) show anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects that have prompted further research into their potential applications in treating paraquat (PQ) poisoning cases in emergency rooms. We assessed the protective effects, underlying mechanisms, and secondary inflammatory responses of MSCs on PQ-induced acute lung injury.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were injected intraperitoneally with PQ (20 µg per gram of body weight). MSCs were injected through the caudal vein 1 h after PQ treatment. The severity of lung injury and oxidative stress and levels of inflammatory mediators were examined with and without MSC grafting. Expression levels of TLR4, NF-κB, p65, Nrf2, HO-1, and activated caspase-3 protein were determined by Western blotting.

RESULTS: Administration of MSCs significantly decreased the levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 and polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) count in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of rats with PQ-induced ALI. In addition, MSC also effectively reduced the wet-to-dry lung weight ratio, lung injury score, and the levels of MDA and 8-OHdG. Conversely, MSC increased SOD and GSH-PX activity in the lung tissue. Moreover, MSC significantly upregulated HO-1, Nrf-2 protein expression in the lung tissue. In contrast, the levels of TLR4, NF-κB p65 and activated caspase-3 protein were decreased in MSC-treated rats (P<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with MSCs overexpressed Nrf2 gene and activated downstream antioxidant HO-1, leading to inhibit oxidative stress, cell apoptosis and inflammatory response in lung tissue, thereby significantly improving PQ-induced acute lung injury in rats.

Keywords: acute lung injury, mesenchymal stromal cells, Paraquat, Tissue Therapy, Historical, Apoptosis, Cell Separation, Edema, Green Fluorescent Proteins, Inflammation Mediators, Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation, Necrosis, Oxidative Stress, Pneumonia

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750