Logo MSM

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo MSM Logo MSM Logo MSM

27 June 2019 : Clinical Research

Association Between Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms in the Vitamin D Receptor and Incidence of Dry Eye Disease in Chinese Han Population

Yi-Fang Meng1ABDEF*, Qian Xin1CF, Jiong Lu1AF, Pan Xiao1ACEF, Jian Li1AF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.915434

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:4759-4765

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Dry eye disease (DED) is a chronic dysfunction of the ocular surface and has become an important public problem. Vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphism has been found to be associated with different kinds of diseases. The relationship between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the VDR gene should be studied.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the present case-control study, we investigated the association of VDR gene polymorphism with DED risk. Clinical data including age, gender, body mass index (BMI, kg/m²), smoking history, diabetes, and blood pressure were recorded. Serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25[OH]D) was chosen as the main parameter that reflected the level of vitamin D. We identified SNPs of VDR gene Apa-1, Bsm-1, Fok-1, and Taq-1 in both DED cases and healthy controls.

RESULTS: A total of 124 DED cases and 135 healthy controls were included in this study. It was reported that aa in Apa-1 (OR=2.803, 95% CI, 1.350–5.820) and tt in Taq-1 (OR=0.362, 95% CI, 0.141–0.930) were associated with increased the risk of DED. Analysis of the allele frequencies of VDR gene polymorphisms among DED patients and healthy controls showed that allele differences in Apa-1 were significantly associated with higher risk.

CONCLUSIONS: SNPs of VDR gene (Apa-1 and Taq-1) were associated with the risk of DED. No significant association of Bsm-1 and Fok-1 in VDR gene demonstrated significant effect in the incidence of DED. Thus, we found that several SNPs of VDR gene could provide significant pathogenic effects in the risk of DED.

Keywords: Case-Control Studies, Dry Eye Syndromes, Mediator Complex Subunit 1, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide

0 Comments

This Week Editorial

13 September 2021 : Editorial

Editorial: The First Monoclonal Antibody Vaccine to Prevent Malaria Heralds a New Era of Malaria Vaccines to the Plasmodium falciparum Circumsporozoite Protein (PfCSP)

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934676

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e934676

Coronavirus/Covid 19

15 September 2021 : Editorial

Editorial: Autoantibodies to Components of the Immune System, Including Type 1 Interferons, and the Risk of...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934766  

08 September 2021 : Clinical Research

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.932788  

16 July 2021 : Review article

Silent Hypoxemia in Patients with COVID-19 Pneumonia: A Review

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.930776  

09 July 2021 : Database Analysis

A Simple Clinical Prediction Tool for COVID-19 in Primary Care with Epidemiology: Temperature-Leukocytes-CT...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.931467  

In Press

16 Sep 2021 : Clinical Research

A Retrospective Evaluation of Operative and Postoperative Outcomes in Patients with Spinal Metastases from ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.932995  

15 Sep 2021 : Clinical Research

Polish Medical Air Rescue Interventions Concerning Pregnant Women in Poland: A 10-year Retrospective Analysis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933029  

15 Sep 2021 : Editorial

Editorial: Autoantibodies to Components of the Immune System, Including Type 1 Interferons, and the Risk of...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934766  

15 Sep 2021 : Clinical Research

A Prospective Single-Center Study of the Effects of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation at 2-Week ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933017  

Most Viewed

20 Mar 2020 : Clinical Research

Social Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.923921

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921

15 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research

Psychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924171

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171

05 May 2020 : Review article

An Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924700

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700

26 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research

Comparison of Prevalence and Associated Factors of Anxiety and Depression Among People Affected by versus P...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924609

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924609

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750