Chengjun Zhang, Shengqiang Yu, Binyan Zheng, Dongfu Liu, Fengchun Wan, Yue Ma, Jiantao Wang, Zhenli Gao, Zhengfei Shan
Department of Organ Transplantation, The Affiliated Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:4362-4369
Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) leads to kidney injury. Renal I/R frequently occurs in kidney transplantations and acute kidney injuries. Recent studies reported that miR-30 stimulated immune responses and reductions in renal I/R related to anti-inflammation. Our study investigated the effects of miR-30c-5p on renal I/R and the relationship among miR-30c-5p, renal I/R, and macrophages.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sprague Dawley rats received intravenous tail injections of miR-30c-5p agomir. Then a renal I/R model were established by removing the left kidney and clamping the right renal artery. Serum creatinine (Cr) was analyzed using a serum Cr assay kit, and serum neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin (NGAL) was measured using a NGAL ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) kit. Rat kidney tissues were analyzed using hematoxylin and eosin staining. THP-1 cells treated with miR-30c-5p agomir and miR-30c-5p antagomir were measured with quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Protein levels were analyzed by western blot.
RESULTS: MiR-30c-5p agomir reduced serum Cr, serum NGAL, and renal I/R injury. MiR-30c-5p agomir inhibited the expression of CD86 (M1 macrophage marker), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and promoted the expression of CD206 (M2 macrophage marker), interleukin (IL)-4, and IL-10 in rat kidneys. MiR-30c-5p agomir reduced the expression of CD86 and iNOS, and increased the expression of CD206 and IL-10 in THP-1 cells.
CONCLUSIONS: We preliminarily demonstrated that miR-30c-5p agomir might decrease renal I/R through transformation of M1 macrophages to M2 macrophages and resulted in changes in inflammatory cytokines.
Keywords: M2 Macrophage, M1 Macrophage, miR-30c-5p, Inflammation, Renal Ischemia-Reperfusion