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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


eISSN: 1643-3750

Depression and Insomnia Are Closely Associated with Thyroid Hormone Levels in Chronic Hepatitis B

Xinyu Huang, Huaying Zhang, Chao Qu, Yu Liu, Cheng Bian, Yonghong Xu

Department of Infectious Diseases, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:2672-2678

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.914444

Available online: 2019-04-11

Published: 2019-04-11

BACKGROUND: Depression and insomnia in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients affect the quality of life, disease diagnosis, and mortality. CHB patients are more likely to have psychological disorders, but the underlying mechanisms have not been elucidated. This study investigated the incidence of depression in patients with CHB and sought to identify risk factors for depression and insomnia in these patients, focusing on changes in liver function and thyroid hormone levels.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: This cross-sectional cohort study used the Hamilton Depression Scale and Athens Insomnia Scale to assess the depressive and insomnia states, respectively, of 209 CHB patients. Liver function, thyroid hormone levels, hepatitis B surface antigen, hepatitis B e-antigen, and hepatitis B virus-deoxyribonucleic acid load were evaluated. Liver cirrhosis was assessed by imaging (color Doppler ultrasound and computed tomography). A multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the correlation among various factors and depression and insomnia.
RESULTS: Subclinical and clinical depressive states were found in 23.9% and 5.3% and subclinical and clinical insomnia in 11% and 35.4% of patients, respectively. Depression and insomnia severity were significantly correlated with low FT3 (<3.5 mol/L). The odds ratios of low FT3 for subclinical and clinical depression and clinical insomnia were 3.07 (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.248-7.568), 7.85 (95% CI, 1.839-33.547), and 3.91 (95% CI, 1.417-10.789), respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: CHB patients are prone to depression and insomnia. FT3 reduction may be a risk factor for depression and insomnia. In clinical settings, more attention needs to be paid to the mental state of patients with FT3 reduction.

Keywords: Depression, Hepatitis B, Chronic, Risk Factors, Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders