Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

20 August 2019 : Clinical Research  

Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Early Detection of Chemotherapy Resistance in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Junfeng Liu1BCE, Hongxia Lv2BE, Jiliang Dong3C, Xiujing Ding4BC, Zhiguang Han1BF, Shiqing Yang1BF, Zhaogui Ba1AEG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.914236

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:6264-6270

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the role of magnetic resonance imaging-diffusion weighted imaging (MRI-DWI) in the early detection of chemotherapy resistance in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: MRI-DWI and computed tomography (CT) were carried out in 75 patients with newly diagnostic NSCLC before and after first, second, fourth, and sixth cycles of chemotherapy. Resistance to chemotherapy was assessed based on the change in the largest tumor diameter after chemotherapy. Diffusion of water molecule in each lesion was quantitatively measured by apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC). The diagnostic results of DWI after first and second cycle of chemotherapy were analyzed by the area under receiver operating characteristics curve (ROC).

RESULTS: Among the patients, 43 patients were chemo-resistance while 32 patients were chemo-sensitive. The ADC changing rate between second and first cycle of chemotherapy was significantly higher in chemo-sensitive patients compared with chemo-resistance patients (t=3.236, P=0.002). The ROC showed cutoff values of the ADC changing rate after first and second cycles of chemotherapy for resistance/sensitive discrimination were 23.6% and 5.56%, respectively. DWI after first and second cycles of therapy showed sensitivities of 55.8% and 55.8%, specificities of 65.6% and 87.5%, and area under ROC of 0.568 and 0.733, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: ADC changing rate between first and second cycles of chemotherapy could sensitively distinguish chemo-sensitive and chemo-resistant tumors at earlier stages, which may direct treatment adjustment and improve the prognosis of patients.

Keywords: Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Maintenance Chemotherapy

0 Comments

Editorial

01 December 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Responses and Breakthrough COVID-19

Dinah V. Parums
Scientific Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935624

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935624

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

03 December 2021 : Laboratory Research  

Influenza and Influenza-Like Respiratory Virus Infections in Children During the 2019/20 Influenza Season a...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934862  

08 November 2021 : Database Analysis  

Virtual Screening and Molecular Docking to Study the Mechanism of Chinese Medicines in the Treatment of Cor...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934102  

01 December 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Responses and Breakthrough COVID-19

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935624

In Press

03 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

A Retrospective Single-Center Study of 23 Patients to Compare Gait Before and After Total Hip Arthroplasty ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934558  

03 Dec 2021 : Laboratory Research  

Influenza and Influenza-Like Respiratory Virus Infections in Children During the 2019/20 Influenza Season a...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934862  

02 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Comparison of Outcomes Following Neuronavigation-Assisted Aspiration and Thrombolysis Using Single and Mult...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934935  

02 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Serum Levels of N-Terminal Pro-Brain Natriuretic Peptide in Gestational Hypertension, Mild Preeclampsia, an...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934285  

Most Viewed Current Articles

20 Mar 2020 : Clinical Research  

Social Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.923921

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921

15 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research  

Psychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924171

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171

05 May 2020 : Review article  

An Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924700

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700

26 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research  

Comparison of Prevalence and Associated Factors of Anxiety and Depression Among People Affected by versus P...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924609

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924609

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750