Comparative Effectiveness of Three Ovarian Hyperstimulation Protocol in In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) Cycles for Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Yilu Chen, Junzhao Zhao, Huina Zhang
Reproductive Centre, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR9424-9428
Available online: 2018-12-28
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of specific in vitro fertilization (IVF) protocols for patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and therefore, analyze the first-rank intention IVF protocol.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study, 408 PCOS patients (464 treatment cycles) were enrolled and assigned to one of 3 groups: group 1 [oral contraceptive long-term regimen group (OC-L protocol group, n=91)], group 2 (GnRH antagonist protocol, n=80), and group 3 [follicular phase long-term regimen group, C₁-L protocol group n=293]. The endpoints are the number of eggs, oocyte maturation rate, high-quality embryo rate and clinical pregnancy rate after fresh embryos transfer, the incidence of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome and abortion rate.
RESULTS: The number of eggs, oocyte maturation rate, and high-quality embryo rate in the C₁-L protocol group were significantly higher than those in the other 2 groups. The fertilization rate and cleavage rate of the 3 groups were not significantly different. After fresh embryo transplantation, the pregnancy rate of C₁-L protocol group was significantly higher than that of the other groups.
CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that the super-long downregulation in follicular phase regimen has advantages of simple treatment process, high oocyte maturation rate, high quality embryo rate, and pregnancy rate. It is a good choice for PCOS patients to promote ovulation during IVF.
Keywords: Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome, Ovulation Induction, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome