Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

26 April 2019 : Clinical Research  

The Early Diagnostic Value of Procalcitonin in Pneumonia After Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery

Jingjing Liu1BCF, Weiran Zhang2BDE, Qi Wang3BD, Zhi Li4CE, Mengwei Lv56CEF, Chennan Shi3BG, Diming Zhang1CD, Sheng Zhao4ACE*, Yangyang Zhang156ADEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.913704

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:3077-3089


BACKGROUND: The incidence of early postoperative pneumonia (EPOP) after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) is relatively high, but its diagnosis by traditional methods remains difficult, which could be deleterious to the prognosis. Moreover, few data exist regarding procalcitonin (PCT) in early diagnosis of pneumonia after off-pump CABG. Thus, this study was performed to evaluate the value of PCT in diagnosing EPOP after off-pump CABG.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 402 consecutive patients undergoing off-pump CABG were retrospectively enrolled. Forty-four patients were diagnosed with EPOP and 112 patients were diagnosed with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). Chest roentgenogram, serum PCT, white blood cells, neutral granulocyte ratio, and daily maximum body temperature were recorded. The ability of PCT to diagnose EPOP was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses in comparison with traditional methods. Clinical net benefits were estimated via decision curve analysis (DCA).

RESULTS: PCT presented satisfying accuracy in diagnosing EPOP with a cutoff value of 1.585 ng/mL (area under the curve [AUC] 0.808, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.724–0.891, sensitivity 73%, specificity 86%). PCT performed better in diagnosing EPOP among SIRS patients (AUC 0.868, 95% CI 0.748–0.988, sensitivity 85%, specificity 89%). DCA showed valuable clinical net benefits of PCT in diagnosing EPOP after off-pump CABG regardless of threshold selected.

CONCLUSIONS: PCT could be a diagnostic marker for EPOP after off-pump CABG. The optimal cutoff value for diagnosing EPOP was 1.585 ng/mL. The application of PCT in diagnosing EPOP in SIRS patients was also satisfying with a cutoff value of 1.775 ng/mL.

Keywords: off-pump, Diagnosis, Coronary Artery Bypass, Pneumonia, bacterial, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, biomarkers, Calcitonin, Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-Pump, Early Diagnosis, Male, Middle Aged, Postoperative Complications, procalcitonin, Prognosis, Retrospective Studies, Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome



01 December 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: Cardiovascular Complications at One Year After SARS-CoV-2 Infection are Independent of Underlying Cardiovascular Risk Factors or Severity of COVID-19

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937048

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937048


04 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Wearing Face Masks on Exercise Capacity and Ventilatory Anaerobic Threshold in Healthy Subjects ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936069  

22 April 2022 : Clinical Research  

Factors Associated with Falls During Hospitalization for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936547  

27 April 2022 : Meta-Analysis  

Effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Serum Vitamin D Levels in People Under Age 18 Years: A Systematic Review...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935823  

01 December 2021 : Clinical Research  

COVID-19: Another Cause of Dental Anxiety?

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936535

In Press

20 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Efficacy of Focused Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy in Chronic Low Back Pain: A Prospective Randomized 3-...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936614  

19 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Association Between Serum Homocysteine Levels and Severity of Diabetic Kidney Disease in 489 Patients with ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936323  

18 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Physical and Psychosocial Concept Domains Related to Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQL) in 50 Girls and ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936801  

18 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Association Between Variants of the Mannose-Binding Lectin 2 Gene and Susceptibility to Sepsis in the Haina...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936134  

Most Viewed Current Articles

31 Dec 1969 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

31 Dec 1969 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

31 Dec 1969 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

31 Dec 1969 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750