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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


eISSN: 1643-3750

Comparison of Remifentanil-Based Fast-Track and Fentanyl-Based Routine Cardiac Anesthesia for Intraoperative Device Closure of Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) in Pediatric Patients

Qing Huang, Lan-ying Lin, Xian-zhong Lin

Department of Anesthesia, The First Affiliated Hospital, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:1187-1193

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.913387

Available online: 2019-02-13

Published: 2019-02-13

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of remifentanil-based fast-track anesthesia for intraoperative device closure of atrial septal defects (ASDs).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The clinical data of 152 pediatric patients who received intraoperative device closure of ASD in our hospital from January 2015 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into 2 groups: group F (remifentanil-based fast-track anesthesia group, n=72) and group C (fentanyl-based routine anesthesia group, n=80). The relevant data from 2 groups were collected and analyzed.
RESULTS: No significant differences were found in the preoperative data or intraoperative hemodynamic index between these 2 groups. Group C was significantly inferior to group F regarding the duration of mechanical ventilation, length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, length of hospital stay, and hospitalization expenses (P<0.05). In terms of postoperative complications, no death, third-degree atrioventricular block, occluder detachment, or residual leakage was reported in either group. The incidence of lung infections and bronchospasm was significantly higher in group C than in group F. There were no anesthetic-related complications.
CONCLUSIONS: The application of remifentanil-based fast-track anesthesia for intraoperative device closure of ASD is as effective and safe as fentanyl-based routine anesthesia. Moreover, remifentanil-based fast-track anesthesia has the advantages of shorter duration of mechanical ventilation, shorter length of hospital and ICU stay, fewer postoperative complications, and lower hospitalization expenses, and is therefore worthy of promotion in clinical practice.

Keywords: Anesthesia, Heart Defects, Congenital, Septal Occluder Device