31 March 2019 : Animal Research
Effects of Cervical Rotatory Manipulation on Internal Carotid Artery in Hemodynamics Using an Animal Model of Carotid Atherosclerosis: A Safety StudyTaiyuan Guan12ABCE, Yan Zeng3BC, Ji Qi4DE, Bo Qin12DE, Shijie Fu12FG, Guoyou Wang12EF, Lei Zhang12AFG*
Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:2344-2351
BACKGROUND: Spinal manipulation, particularly in cervical rotatory manipulation (CRM), has become increasingly popular in physical therapies, with satisfying effect. However, it is still unclear whether CRM affects internal carotid arteries (ICA) with mild carotid atherosclerosis (CAS), especially in hemodynamics.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Nine cynomolgus monkeys were randomly divided into 3 groups: the CAS-CRM, the CAS, and the blank control groups. CAS models were developed in the left ICA in the CAS-CRM and the CAS groups. The monkeys in the CAS-CRM group underwent CRM intervention for 3 weeks. Histology and hemodynamics were measured, including peak systolic velocity (PSV), end-diastolic velocity (EDV), time average velocity (TAV), resistance index (RI), and pulsatility index (PI). Measurements were made separately at 3 different rotation angles (0°, 45°, and 90°).
RESULTS: In the 3 groups, with the increase of rotation angle, the decreasing tendency of PSV, EDV, and TAV and the increasing tendency of RI and PI were statistically significant. At each angle, the monkeys in the CAS-CRM and the CAS groups had lower levels of PSV, EDV, and TAV and higher levels of RI and PI compared with the blank control group. No significant difference in hemodynamics was found between the CAS-CRM and the CAS groups.
CONCLUSIONS: Both the rotational angle and the atherosclerotic disease can affect the blood flow of the ICA. However, CRM does not cause adverse effects on hemodynamics in cynomolgus monkeys with mild CAS, and appears to be a relatively safe technique.
Keywords: atherosclerosis, Carotid Artery Diseases, Carotid Artery, Internal, Manipulation, Spinal
01 December 2021 : EditorialEditorial: SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Responses and Breakthrough COVID-19
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935624
03 December 2021 : Laboratory ResearchInfluenza and Influenza-Like Respiratory Virus Infections in Children During the 2019/20 Influenza Season a...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934862
08 November 2021 : Database AnalysisVirtual Screening and Molecular Docking to Study the Mechanism of Chinese Medicines in the Treatment of Cor...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934102
01 November 2021 : EditorialEditorial: What Can be Learned from National and International Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting Systems Duri...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935299
07 Dec 2021 : Review articleA Review of the Impact of Neutrophils and Neutrophil Extracellular Traps (NETs) on the Development of Aorti...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935134
07 Dec 2021 : Review articleAdie’s Pupil: A Diagnostic Challenge for the Physician
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934657
06 Dec 2021 : Animal ResearchAstragalus Flavone Induces Proliferation and Differentiation of Neural Stem Cells in a Cerebral Infarction ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933830
Most Viewed Current Articles
20 Mar 2020 : Clinical ResearchSocial Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921
15 Apr 2020 : Clinical ResearchPsychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171
05 May 2020 : Review articleAn Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700