Placement of Titanium Mesh in Hybrid Decompression Surgery to Avoid Graft Subsidence in Treatment of Three-Level Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: Cephalad or Caudal?
Kaiqiang Sun, Jingchuan Sun, Shunmin Wang, Ximing Xu, Yuan Wang, Tao Xu, Hong Zhao, Jiangang Shi
Second Department of Spine Surgery, Changzheng Hospital, Shanghai, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR9479-9487
Available online: 2018-12-30
Hybrid decompression has been used to treat patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). However, no published study has investigated the effect of titanium mesh (TM) located cephalad or caudal in hybrid decompression surgery on the graft subsidence in treatment of three-level CSM.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-eight cases with three-level CSM who underwent the procedure of hybrid decompression from Jan 2014 to Jan 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. Radiological outcomes immediately postoperatively and at the final follow-up were compared between cases from group A (TM located cephalad, n=21) and group B (TM located caudal, n=27).
RESULTS: No differences were observed in the 2 groups in terms of number, sex, or duration of follow-up. The average follow-up was 4.38±0.439 months in group A and 4.81±0.509 months in group B (p>0.05). The index loss of anterior (AIBH), middle (MIBH), and posterior interbody height (PIBH) in group A were 0.857±0.448/1.00±0.525/1.33±0.608, respectively, which were all lower than that in group B (P<0.05), as was the occurrence of TM subsidence. However, there was no significance difference in height loss of adjacent intervertebral space between groups. All angles were decreased at the final follow-up in both groups (p<0.05). More decrease of C2–C7 angle occurred in group B (p>0.05), and segmental angle in group A decreased more than in group B (p>0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: TM inferior to intervertebral cage (IC) in hybrid decompression has a higher risk for developing subsidence, and when the choice of the position of TM is available in hybrid decompression surgery, TM located cephalad was recommend to alleviate TM subsidence.
Keywords: Osteoarthritis, Spine, Periprosthetic Fractures, Spinal Cord Compression, Spine