Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

09 October 2018 : Animal Research

Improvement of Glucose Metabolism Following Long-Term Taurocholic Acid Gavage in a Diabetic Rat Model

Zhiqiang Cheng1ABCEF, Guozhi Liu2BCD, Xiang Zhang1ABEF, Dongsong Bi1EF, Sanyuan Hu1ADEFG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.912429

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: ANS7206-7212


BACKGROUND: Bile acids (BAs) are signaling molecules that participate in maintaining glucose homeostasis. Acute enteral infusion of BAs potently reduces the glycemic response to glucose, associated with an increase of incretin hormones. However, the effect of long-term supplementation of BAs on glucose metabolism has not been fully investigated.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty diabetic rats were assigned to a control group (n=10), a low TCA group (L-TCA group, n=10), and a high TCA group (H-TCA group, n=10). Rats in the control group were fed a regular high-fat diet (HFD), while rats in the L-TCA group and H-TCA group were fed a TCA (taurocholic acid)-mixed HFD with the concentrations of 0.05% and 0.3%, respectively, to control the intake of HFD and TCA. Energy intake, body weight, serum insulin, glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, GLP-1, and total serum BAs were measured at week 2 and week 12.

RESULTS: At week 2 there were no significant differences in body weight, daily energy intake, glucose tolerance, serum insulin, insulin sensitivity, GLP-1, or fasting total serum BAs between the 3 groups. At week 12, fasting blood glucose and intragastric glucose tolerance were better in the H-TCA group, with significantly greater insulin and GLP-1 secretion and better insulin sensitivity; no significant differences in body weight, energy intake, or total fasting serum BAs were observed.

CONCLUSIONS: Long-term supplementation with small doses of TCA was demonstrated to improve glucose metabolism in a diabetic rat model and may be a potential target for diabetes control.

Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Rats, Taurocholic Acid


Weekly Editorial

25 October 2021 : Editorial

Editorial: The 2021 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Guidelines on the Real-World Prevention of Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease (ASCVD)

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935172

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935172


22 October 2021 : Clinical Research

A Novel Method for the Production of an Autologous Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Catabolic Product (Cytorich) ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934365  

11 October 2021 : Clinical Research

Clinical Features and Temporal Lung Radiographic Changes in 25 Patients Recovering from COVID-19 Pneumonia:...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933381  

08 September 2021 : Clinical Research

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.932788  

In Press

27 Oct 2021 : Clinical Research

Use of the Braden Scale to Predict Injury Severity in Mass Burn Casualties

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934039  

27 Oct 2021 : Database Analysis

Low Expression of Long Noncoding RNA SLC26A4 Antisense RNA 1 Is an Independent Prognostic Biomarker and Cor...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934522  

27 Oct 2021 : Database Analysis

A Novel Predictive Model Incorporating Ferroptosis-Related Gene Signatures for Overall Survival in Patients...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934050  

27 Oct 2021 : Meta-Analysis

Utility of Pretreatment Blood Platelet-To-Lymphocyte Ratio in Prediction of Clinical Outcomes and Chemosens...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933449  

Most Viewed Current Articles

20 Mar 2020 : Clinical Research

Social Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.923921

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921

15 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research

Psychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924171

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171

05 May 2020 : Review article

An Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924700

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700

26 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research

Comparison of Prevalence and Associated Factors of Anxiety and Depression Among People Affected by versus P...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924609

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924609

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750