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Improvement of Glucose Metabolism Following Long-Term Taurocholic Acid Gavage in a Diabetic Rat Model

Zhiqiang Cheng, Guozhi Liu, Xiang Zhang, Dongsong Bi, Sanyuan Hu

Department of General Surgery, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:7206-7212

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.912429

Available online:

Published: 2018-10-09

BACKGROUND: Bile acids (BAs) are signaling molecules that participate in maintaining glucose homeostasis. Acute enteral infusion of BAs potently reduces the glycemic response to glucose, associated with an increase of incretin hormones. However, the effect of long-term supplementation of BAs on glucose metabolism has not been fully investigated.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty diabetic rats were assigned to a control group (n=10), a low TCA group (L-TCA group, n=10), and a high TCA group (H-TCA group, n=10). Rats in the control group were fed a regular high-fat diet (HFD), while rats in the L-TCA group and H-TCA group were fed a TCA (taurocholic acid)-mixed HFD with the concentrations of 0.05% and 0.3%, respectively, to control the intake of HFD and TCA. Energy intake, body weight, serum insulin, glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, GLP-1, and total serum BAs were measured at week 2 and week 12.
RESULTS: At week 2 there were no significant differences in body weight, daily energy intake, glucose tolerance, serum insulin, insulin sensitivity, GLP-1, or fasting total serum BAs between the 3 groups. At week 12, fasting blood glucose and intragastric glucose tolerance were better in the H-TCA group, with significantly greater insulin and GLP-1 secretion and better insulin sensitivity; no significant differences in body weight, energy intake, or total fasting serum BAs were observed.
CONCLUSIONS: Long-term supplementation with small doses of TCA was demonstrated to improve glucose metabolism in a diabetic rat model and may be a potential target for diabetes control.

Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Rats, Taurocholic Acid