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20 October 2018 : Meta-Analysis

Glutathione S-Transferase Gene Polymorphisms are Associated with an Improved Treatment Response to Cisplatin-Based Chemotherapy in Patients with Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC): A Meta-Analysis

Hongyan Wang1A, Xuehan Gao2A, Xiaolin Zhang3F, Wenjian Gong2F, Ziheng Peng2C, Bingshuang Wang4B, Li Wang2CD, Saishuo Chang2D, Peiru Ma2F, Shijie Wang5A*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.912373

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: MTA7482-7492

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown an association with glutathione S-transferase (GST) gene polymorphisms in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and treatment response. This study aimed to undertake a literature review and meta-analysis of GST gene polymorphisms, including GSTT1, GSTM1, and GSTP1 IIe105Val, and the treatment response to cisplatin-based chemotherapy in patients with NSCLC.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A literature search was undertaken of the main medical publication databases for publications, up to March 2017, on the association between GSTT1, GSTM1, and GSTP1 IIe105Val polymorphisms and the clinical outcome in patients with NSCLC treated with cisplatin-based chemotherapy. A random fixed-effects model was used to calculate the pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) to evaluate the associations, considering multiple genetic models. A subgroup analysis according to ethnicity was performed.

RESULTS: Twenty-three published studies were identified that showed that both the null GSTM1 and the GG genotype of GSTP1 IIe105Val were associated with improved treatment response to cisplatin-based chemotherapy (GSTT1 present/null: OR=1.328; 95% CI, 1.074–1.643) (GSTP1 GG + AG vs. AA: OR=0.596; 95% CI, 0.468–0.759). In subgroup analysis, the GSTP1 polymorphism was significantly associated with treatment response in East-Asian patients, but not in Caucasian patients.

CONCLUSIONS: Meta-analysis showed that the GG genotype of GSTP1 IIe105Val and the null GSTM1 genotype were associated with an improved treatment response to cisplatin-based chemotherapy in patients with NSCLC, especially in East-Asian patients.

Keywords: Chemotherapy, Adjuvant, Polymorphism, Genetic

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750