Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

27 January 2019 : Laboratory Research  

Adiponectin Relieves Human Adult Cardiac Myocytes Injury Induced by Intermittent Hypoxia

Xiaofeng Zhang1ABCDEFG, Lijun Rui1ABCDEFG, Beili Lv1BCD, Fangfang Chen1EF, Liming Cai1AEG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.912349

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:786-793

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with many cardiovascular disorders. Intermittent hypoxia (IH) is a key pathological hallmark of OSA. This study was conducted to evaluate the potential therapeutic effects and the associated mechanisms of adiponectin (APN) on IH induced human adult cardiac myocytes (HACMs) injury.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: HACMs were exposed to normoxia or IH (1% to 21% O₂) using a novel cell culture bio-reactor with gas-permeable membranes. Cell viability was detected by Cell Counting Kit-8 assay. Cell membrane integrity was assessed by the detection of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release. Cell apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry. Malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) levels were determined using specific assay kits. P-AMPK (AMP-activated protein kinase), p-LKB1, and p-p65 protein levels were measured by western blotting. Pro-inflammatory factors including interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-8 expressions were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction.

RESULTS: The results showed that APN had no cytotoxic to HACMs. Compared with the control group, HACMs cell viability significantly decreased, LDH release increased and cell apoptosis increased in the IH group. The levels of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, MDA, and p-p65 were higher, while the levels of SOD, GSH-Px, p-AMPK, and p-LKB1 were lower in HACMs cells in the IH group than that in the control group. However, APN treatment significantly rescued these effects compared with the IH group in a dose-dependent manner.

CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, these results indicated that APN protected against IH induced HACMs injury possibly mediated by AMPK and NF-κB pathway.

Keywords: Adiponectin, Apoptosis, Inflammation, Myocytes, Cardiac, Sleep apnea, obstructive, Adult, Blotting, Western, Cell Hypoxia, Glutathione Peroxidase, Heart Injuries, Interleukin-1beta, Interleukin-6, Interleukin-8, L-Lactate Dehydrogenase, Malondialdehyde, primary cell culture, Superoxide Dismutase

Comments

Editorial

01 May 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Cardiovascular Complications at One Year After SARS-CoV-2 Infection are Independent of Underlying Cardiovascular Risk Factors or Severity of COVID-19

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937048

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937048

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

24 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Screening for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Students at the Medical University of Warsaw, Poland Between November...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936962  

04 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Wearing Face Masks on Exercise Capacity and Ventilatory Anaerobic Threshold in Healthy Subjects ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936069  

22 April 2022 : Clinical Research  

Factors Associated with Falls During Hospitalization for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936547  

In Press

24 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Remimazolam Tosilate Sedation with Adjuvant Sufentanil in Chinese Patients with Liver Cirrhosis Undergoing ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936580  

24 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Screening for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Students at the Medical University of Warsaw, Poland Between November...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936962  

23 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Fully Automatic Knee Joint Segmentation and Quantitative Analysis for Osteoarthritis from Magnetic Resonanc...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936733  

20 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Efficacy of Focused Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy in Chronic Low Back Pain: A Prospective Randomized 3-...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936614  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750