Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

20 March 2019 : Animal Research  

Anticonvulsant and Neuroprotective Effects of Dexmedetomidine on Pilocarpine-Induced Status Epilepticus in Rats Using a Metabolomics Approach

Xingqin Tan12ACDF, Zhenzhen Tu12ABE, Wei Han1BC, Xiaojie Song1BEF, Li Cheng1CE, Hengsheng Chen1AF, Shengfen Tu12ABC, Pan Li12DF, Wei Liu12CF, Li Jiang13AG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.912283

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:2066-2078

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Status epilepticus (SE) is the most extreme form of seizure. It is a medical and neurological emergency that requires prompt and appropriate treatment and early neuroprotection. Dexmedetomidine (DEX) is mainly used for its sedative, analgesic, anxiolytic, and neuroprotective effects with light respiratory depression. The purpose of this study was to comprehensively analyze the metabolic events associated with anticonvulsion and neuroprotection of DEX on pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus rats by LC-MS/MS-based on metabolomics methods combined with histopathology.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this research, rats were divided into 3 groups: a normal group, an SE group, and an SE+DEX group. Hippocampus of rats from each group were collected for further LC-MS/MS-based metabolomic analysis. We collected brains for HE staining and Nissl staining. Multivariate analysis and KEGG enrichment analysis were performed.

RESULTS: Results of metabolic profiles of the hippocampus tissues of rats proved that dexmedetomidine relieved rats suffering from the status epilepticus by restoring the damaged neuromodulatory metabolism and neurotransmitters, reducing the disturbance in energy, improving oxidative stress, and alleviating nucleic acid metabolism and amino acid in pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus rats.

CONCLUSIONS: This integral metabolomics research provides an extremely effective method to access the therapeutic effects of DEX. This research will further development of new treats for status epilepticus and provide new insights into the anticonvulsive and neuroprotective effects of DEX on status epilepticus.

Keywords: Metabolomics, Status epilepticus

0 Comments

Editorial

01 December 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Responses and Breakthrough COVID-19

Dinah V. Parums
Scientific Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935624

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935624

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

03 December 2021 : Laboratory Research  

Influenza and Influenza-Like Respiratory Virus Infections in Children During the 2019/20 Influenza Season a...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934862  

08 November 2021 : Database Analysis  

Virtual Screening and Molecular Docking to Study the Mechanism of Chinese Medicines in the Treatment of Cor...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934102  

01 December 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Responses and Breakthrough COVID-19

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935624

In Press

06 Dec 2021 : Animal Research  

Astragalus Flavone Induces Proliferation and Differentiation of Neural Stem Cells in a Cerebral Infarction ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933830  

06 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Alteration of Serum Metabolites in Women of Reproductive Age with Chronic Constipation

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934117  

06 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Body Composition Changes and Related Factors in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis: A Retrospective Single-Ce...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933942  

03 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

A Retrospective Single-Center Study of 23 Patients to Compare Gait Before and After Total Hip Arthroplasty ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934558  

Most Viewed Current Articles

20 Mar 2020 : Clinical Research  

Social Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.923921

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921

15 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research  

Psychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924171

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171

05 May 2020 : Review article  

An Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924700

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700

26 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research  

Comparison of Prevalence and Associated Factors of Anxiety and Depression Among People Affected by versus P...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924609

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924609

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750