Risk Factors for Post-Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) Pancreatitis and the Effect of Octreotide Combined with Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs on Preventing Its Occurrence
Jin Wang, Yiyu Shen, Zhengxiang Zhong, Shaohan Wu, Liping Zheng
(Department of General Surgery, The Second Hospital Affiliated to Jiaxing University, Jiaxing, Zhejiang, China (mainland))
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:8964-8969
The aim of this study was to explore the risk factors for post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis and investigate the effect of octreotide combined with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on preventing its occurrence.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 139 patients undergoing ERCP in our hospital from May 2016 to April 2017 were retrospectively analyzed, and divided into an observation group (n=67) (octreotide + indomethacin) and a control group (n=72) (no preventive drugs). The preoperative and postoperative inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF)-α, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-8, and serum amylase levels were measured, and the incidence of pancreatitis and hyper amylasemia were monitored.
RESULTS: Serum amylase level was increased significantly 3 hours after operation in both groups with significantly higher level in the control group compared to the observation group. After 24 hours, serum amylase in the observation group was decreased to preoperative level, whereas it was still higher than preoperative in the control group (P<0.05). Regarding the levels of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-8, and visual analogue scale, they were significantly increased in both groups after operation with significantly higher levels in the control group compared to the observation group (P<0.05). Furthermore, logistic regression analysis showed that difficult intubation, pancreatic duct angiography, surgery for a long time, and the history of previous pancreatitis were risk factors for post-ERCP pancreatitis (P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Difficult intubation, pancreatic duct angiography, surgery for a long time, and the history of previous pancreatitis were risk factors for post-ERCP pancreatitis. Octreotide combined with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can reduce the pain of patients with abdominal pain as well as the incidence of postoperative pancreatitis, indicating that they might be effective preventative approaches for pancreatitis.
Keywords: Indomethacin, octreotide, Pancreatitis