Catalpol Exerts an Anti-Epilepticus Effect, Possibly by Regulating the Nrf2-Keap1-ARE Signaling Pathway
Jing Gao, Li An, Yueyue Xu, Yudiao Huang
Department of Emergency, Daqing Oilfield General Hospital, Daqing, Heilongjiang, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: ANS9436-9441
Status epilepticus (SE) is a refractory neurological disease with high mortality and morbidity rates. SE can be induced by numerous factors, including oxidative stress. Catalpol has several biological activities, including regulating the oxidative stress response. However, the role of catapol in SE has not been fully elucidated.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty Wistar rats were randomly and equally divided into 3 groups: a control group, an SE group established by LiCl-pilocarpine intraperitoneal injection, and an SE+catalpol group established administering catalpol to SE rats. Epileptic seizure level and after-discharge duration (ADD) were analyzed. Cognitive function was assessed by Morris water maze. Myeloperoxidase (MPO) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities were tested. Keap1 and ARE mRNA expressions were detected by real-time PCR. Nrf2 protein expression was determined by Western blot.
RESULTS: Catalpol significantly decreased epileptic seizure level, extended ADD, and improved cognitive function compared with the SE group (P<0.05). MPO was increased, SOD was reduced, Keap1 mRNA was upregulated, and Nrf2 protein and ARE mRNA were reduced in the SE group compared with the control group (P<0.05). Catalpol markedly decreased MPO, enhanced SOD activity, decreased Keap1 mRNA level, and elevated Nrf2 protein and ARE mRNA expressions compared with the SE group (P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Catalpol plays an anti-epileptic role and improves cognitive function by regulating the Nrf2-Keap1-ARE signaling pathway to inhibit oxidative stress response.
Keywords: Cross Protection, Oxidative Stress, Status epilepticus