Clinical Study on Complications of Intracranial Ruptured Aneurysm Embolization by Stent-Assisted Coil
Yinlong Liu, Jianren Wang, Liqing Lin, Chunsheng Sang, Zexi Lin, Yaohua Pan, Xi'an Fu
Department of Neurosurgery, The Affiliated Suzhou Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Suzhou Municipal Hospital, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:8115-8124
The aim of this study was to retrospectively analyze the incidence of complications of intracranial complex aneurysms embolization by stent-assisted coils, and to investigate the causes of complications and corresponding treatment methods.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 71 patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) underwent stent-assisted coil embolization from 2015 to 2018 were enrolled in this study. Among them, 59 cases were single aneurysm, 12 cases were multiple aneurysms (11 cases with 2 aneurysms and 1 case with 3 aneurysms), for a total of 84 aneurysms. All enrolled patients received stent angioplasty except for 1 case.
RESULTS: There were 62 aneurysms (73.81%) treated with complete tamponade, 21 aneurysms (25.00%) treated with near-total tamponade and 1 aneurysm (1.19%) treated with partial tamponade. All aneurysms were evaluated based on GOS (Glascow outcome scale): 55 cases had GOS of 5 scores, 12 cases had GOS of 4 scores, 3 cases had GOS of 3 scores, and 1 case had GOS of 1 score. There were 67 SAH patients with good prognosis (GOS of 4–5 scores). In our study, the incidence of complications was 12.7%. Three cases experienced acute thrombosis, 2 cases experienced aneurysm rupture during embolization, and 1 case experienced postoperative focal ischemic changes with mild neurological deficits.
CONCLUSIONS: Stent-assisted coil embolization is safe, effective, and feasible for the treatment of intracranial ruptured aneurysms. Patients had a favorable outcome of as high as 94.4%. However, clinical skills should be improved to reduce the occurrence of complications. Prompt and timely treatment for complications of intracranial ruptured aneurysm is also of great significance.
Keywords: Aneurysm, endovascular procedures, Postoperative Complications, Subarachnoid Hemorrhage