Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

15 February 2019 : Laboratory Research  

Resveratrol Reduces Oxidative Stress and Apoptosis in Podocytes via Sir2-Related Enzymes, Sirtuins1 (SIRT1)/Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor γ Co-Activator 1α (PGC-1α) Axis

Tao Zhang12ABCDEF, Yanqing Chi12B, Yunzhuo Ren23CD, Chunyang Du23CD, Yonghong Shi23BD, Ying Li12ABCDG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.911714

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:1220-1231

Abstract

BACKGROUND: PGC-1α can be activated by deacetylation reactions catalyzed by SIRT1. Resveratrol is currently known as a potent activator of SIRT1. However, it is unknown whether the renal-protective effect of resveratrol is further related to activation of the podocyte SIRT1/PGC-1α pathway.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: High glucose was used to stimulate mouse podocytes. Resveratrol and PGC-1α siRNA transfection were used to perform co-intervention treatments. The protein and mRNA expression levels of SIRT1, PGC-1α, NRF1, and TFAM were detect by immunofluorescence, Western blot analysis, and qRT-PCR in the podocytes, respectively. DCHF-DA and MitoSOX™ staining were used to monitor the total ROS and mitochondrial ROS levels, respectively. The specific activities of complexes I and III were measured using Complex I and III Assay Kits. Mitochondrial membrane potential and cell apoptosis were measured using JC-1 staining and Annexin V-FITC/PI double-staining, respectively.

RESULTS: We found that high-glucose stimulation results in time-dependent decreases in the expression of SIRT1, PGC-1α, and its downstream genes NRF1 and mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM) for mouse podocytes, and increases ROS levels in cells and mitochondria. Moreover, the expression of nephrin was downregulated and the cell apoptotic rate was increased. Resveratrol treatment can improve abnormalities caused by high-glucose stimulation. In addition, it can also reduce the release of mitochondrial cytochrome C and DIABLO proteins to the cytoplasm and increase respiratory chain complex I and III activity and mitochondrial membrane potential.

CONCLUSIONS: Resveratrol can reduce the oxidative damage and apoptosis of podocytes induced by high-glucose stimulation via SIRT1/PGC-1α-mediated mitochondrial protection.

Keywords: Apoptosis, Genes, Mitochondrial, Oxidative Stress, Cell Culture Techniques, DNA-Binding Proteins, High Mobility Group Proteins, Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial, Mitochondria, Mitochondrial Proteins, Nuclear Respiratory Factor 1, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha, Podocytes, Protein Processing, Post-Translational, RNA, Small Interfering, resveratrol, Signal Transduction, Sirtuin 1, Transcription Factors

Comments

Editorial

01 May 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Cardiovascular Complications at One Year After SARS-CoV-2 Infection are Independent of Underlying Cardiovascular Risk Factors or Severity of COVID-19

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937048

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937048

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

24 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Screening for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Students at the Medical University of Warsaw, Poland Between November...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936962  

04 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Wearing Face Masks on Exercise Capacity and Ventilatory Anaerobic Threshold in Healthy Subjects ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936069  

27 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Factors Associated with Falls During Hospitalization for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936547

In Press

27 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prognostic Significance of Preoperative Integrated Liver Inflammatory Score in Patients with Hepatocellular...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937005  

25 May 2022 : Review article  

Narrative Review of the Mechanism of Hip Prosthesis Dislocation and Methods to Reduce the Risk of Dislocation

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935665  

24 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Remimazolam Tosilate Sedation with Adjuvant Sufentanil in Chinese Patients with Liver Cirrhosis Undergoing ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936580  

24 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Screening for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Students at the Medical University of Warsaw, Poland Between November...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936962  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750