Expression of Micro-RNA-492 (MiR-492) in Human Cervical Cancer Cell Lines is Upregulated by Transfection with Wild-Type P53, Irradiation, and 5-Fluorouracil Treatment In Vitro
Mei Liu, Zaozao Wang, Qiao Liu, Hongxia Zhu, Ningzhi Xu
(Laboratory of Cell and Molecular Biology and State Key Laboratory of Molecular Oncology, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China (mainland))
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:7750-7758
The status of p53 is critical to the chemoradiosensitivity of cervical cancer cells. Wild-type p53 is essential to orchestrate the cellular response to cytotoxic stimuli. Our previous data illustrated that cervical cancer patients whose specimens overexpressed microR-492 (miR-492) were highly sensitive to concurrent chemoradiation. Although p53 activation has been reported to upregulate miR-492 by a miRNA profiling assay in lung cancer cells, the transcriptional regulation of miR-492 in cervical cancer cells remains poorly understood. Therefore, we aimed to decipher the relationship between p53 and miR-492 in cervical cancer cells.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The expression of p53 and miR-492 in cervical cancer cell lines was measured by western blot and real-time PCR. After cells were transfected with wild-type p53 plasmid or were treated by irradiation and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), the expression changes of p53 as well as miR-492 were examined by western blot and real-time PCR. The putative p53 binding site of miR-492 was first analyzed by bioinformatics tools, then validated by chromatin immunoprecipitation and dual-luciferase reporter assays.
RESULTS: We found that miR-492 was upregulated in cells with wild-type p53 compared to cells with mutant p53. Transfection of wild-type p53 plasmid or treatments with cytotoxic reagents including irradiation and 5-FU all induced miR-492 overexpression. Bioinformatics analysis and experimental validations further proved p53 interacted with miR-492 promoter directly.
CONCLUSIONS: In cervical cancer cells, p53 activated miR-492 expression transcriptionally.
Keywords: Genes, p53, MicroRNAs, Regulatory Elements, Transcriptional, Uterine Cervical Neoplasms