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eISSN: 1643-3750

Trimetazidine Protects Against Atherosclerosis by Changing Energy Charge and Oxidative Stress

Shuzhan Zheng, Yanfei Du, Qiqi Peng, Xinrong Fan, Jiafu Li, Mao Chen

West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:8459-8468

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.911317

Available online:

Published: 2018-11-23

BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effect and the possible mechanism of trimetazidine in atherosclerosis.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We established an atherosclerotic rat model by high-fat diet and vitamin D injection. Rats were separated into 3 different groups: control, atherosclerosis, and trimetazidine (n=10). The aortic artery was isolated and its morphological features were examined by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining. Serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c), total cholesterol (TC), and triglycerides (TG) were analyzed using an automatic biochemical analyzer. Human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMCs) were cultured and divided into 5 groups: no treatment, H₂O₂ treatment only, trimetazidine preincubation before H₂O₂ treatment, oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) treatment only, and trimetazidine preincubation before oxLDL treatment. HASMCs proliferation was tested using the Cell Counting Kit-8. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity of the aortic artery, and HASMCs were measured using commercially available kits.
RESULTS: HE staining assay showed that trimetazidine suppressed the progression of atherosclerosis and reduced foam cell formation in the aortic artery without affecting serum lipid levels. HASMCs proliferation assay revealed that trimetazidine alleviated the inhibitory effect of H₂O₂ on HASMCs proliferation and inhibited oxLDL-induced proliferation of HASMCs. Moreover, trimetazidine ameliorated ROS up-regulation elicited by H₂O₂ or oxLDL in HASMCs. Additionally, trimetazidine restored SOD activity and reduced MDA content of HASMCs.
CONCLUSIONS: Trimetazidine suppressed the progression of atherosclerosis by enhancing energy value, decreasing ROS level of aortic artery, modulating HASMCs proliferation, and reducing oxidative stress in HASMCs.

Keywords: atherosclerosis, Hydrogen Peroxide, Muscle Cells, Oxidative Stress