23 November 2018 : Animal Research
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: ANS8459-8468
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effect and the possible mechanism of trimetazidine in atherosclerosis.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We established an atherosclerotic rat model by high-fat diet and vitamin D injection. Rats were separated into 3 different groups: control, atherosclerosis, and trimetazidine (n=10). The aortic artery was isolated and its morphological features were examined by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining. Serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c), total cholesterol (TC), and triglycerides (TG) were analyzed using an automatic biochemical analyzer. Human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMCs) were cultured and divided into 5 groups: no treatment, H₂O₂ treatment only, trimetazidine preincubation before H₂O₂ treatment, oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) treatment only, and trimetazidine preincubation before oxLDL treatment. HASMCs proliferation was tested using the Cell Counting Kit-8. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity of the aortic artery, and HASMCs were measured using commercially available kits.
RESULTS: HE staining assay showed that trimetazidine suppressed the progression of atherosclerosis and reduced foam cell formation in the aortic artery without affecting serum lipid levels. HASMCs proliferation assay revealed that trimetazidine alleviated the inhibitory effect of H₂O₂ on HASMCs proliferation and inhibited oxLDL-induced proliferation of HASMCs. Moreover, trimetazidine ameliorated ROS up-regulation elicited by H₂O₂ or oxLDL in HASMCs. Additionally, trimetazidine restored SOD activity and reduced MDA content of HASMCs.
CONCLUSIONS: Trimetazidine suppressed the progression of atherosclerosis by enhancing energy value, decreasing ROS level of aortic artery, modulating HASMCs proliferation, and reducing oxidative stress in HASMCs.
Keywords: atherosclerosis, Hydrogen Peroxide, Muscle Cells
01 May 2022 : EditorialEditorial: Cardiovascular Complications at One Year After SARS-CoV-2 Infection are Independent of Underlying Cardiovascular Risk Factors or Severity of COVID-19
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937048
04 May 2022 : Clinical ResearchEffects of Wearing Face Masks on Exercise Capacity and Ventilatory Anaerobic Threshold in Healthy Subjects ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936069
27 May 2022 : Clinical ResearchFactors Associated with Falls During Hospitalization for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936547
27 May 2022 : Clinical ResearchPrognostic Significance of Preoperative Integrated Liver Inflammatory Score in Patients with Hepatocellular...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937005
25 May 2022 : Review articleNarrative Review of the Mechanism of Hip Prosthesis Dislocation and Methods to Reduce the Risk of Dislocation
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935665
24 May 2022 : Clinical ResearchRemimazolam Tosilate Sedation with Adjuvant Sufentanil in Chinese Patients with Liver Cirrhosis Undergoing ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936580
Most Viewed Current Articles
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
08 Mar 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292
01 Nov 2020 : Review articleLong-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996