Weilin Chen, Chuanhui Lu, Jianming Hong
Department of Cancer Radiotherapy, Zhangzhou Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Zhangzhou, Fujian, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:8033-8041
Recent studies have shown that some members of the tripartite motif-containing protein (TRIM) family function as important regulators in several tumors. However, the clinical significance of TRIM15 in gastric adenocarcinoma has not been elucidated. In the present study, we aimed to examine the expression pattern of TRIM15 and explore whether the TRIM15 expression is correlated with clinicopathological characteristics of patients with gastric adenocarcinoma.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The expression pattern of TRIM15 was examined in gastric adenocarcinoma tissues and adjacent normal stomach tissues by using immunohistochemistry staining. The prognostic role of TRIM15 in gastric cancer patients was evaluated by univariate and multivariate analyses. Clinical outcomes were assessed by the Kaplan-Meier analysis and log-rank test. The effects of TRIM15 on cancer cell proliferation and invasion were tested through cellular experiments.
RESULTS: TRIM15 was highly expressed in normal stomach tissues compared to tumor tissues. TCGA database showed that higher TRIM15 RNA transcription indicates poorer overall survival of gastric cancer patients. Besides, low expression of TRIM15 was significantly associated with advanced tumor invasion depth and advanced TNM stage. Moreover, gastric cancer patients with lower KDM5B expression had poorer overall survival, and TRIM15 was identified as an independent prognosis factor according to multivariate analysis. Using the gastric cancer cell lines, we found that overexpression of TRIM15 can inhibits tumor cell invasion.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated that low expression of TRIM15 in gastric adenocarcinoma tissues was significantly associated with poorer prognosis of patients, indicating the potential of TRIM15 as a novel clinical biomarker and therapeutic target.
Keywords: Neoplasm Invasiveness, Prognosis, Stomach Neoplasms