Efficacy and Clinical Value of Liraglutide for Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus Complicated by Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
Zhongyong Zhang, Yueying Qi, Wubao Kong, Qianqian Jin, Xiaoyun Wang, Yanfang Dong, Yuansong Wang, Huajun Li
(Department of Endocrinology, Hebei Province Cangzhou Hospital of Integrated Traditional And Western Medicine, Cangzhou, Hebei, China (mainland))
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:7399-7404
The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and clinical value of liraglutide for the treatment of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) complicated by non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with DM complicated by NAFLD (n=835) were enrolled. Patients were divided into 2 groups: 424 patients were included in the liraglutide group and 411 patients were included in the conventional drug group. Venous blood was collected to test blood glucose levels, blood lipid levels, and liver function. After discharge, patients were followed up for between 6 months and 1 year and assigned a quality-of-life score.
RESULTS: The blood glucose levels of patients in both groups were improved after treatment (P<0.05). The blood lipid levels of patients in both groups improved after treatment (P<0.05). Various blood lipid parameters of patients in the liraglutide group were significantly better than in the conventional drug group (P<0.05). The liver function of patients in the conventional drug group was not significantly different before or after treatment (P>0.05), while in the liraglutide group it improved significantly after treatment (P<0.05). The average quality-of-life score at follow-up in the liraglutide group was 81.00±9.33 points, which was significantly higher than the 68.53±8.44 points in the conventional drug group (P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Liraglutide for the treatment of DM complicated by NAFLD can effectively improve the blood glucose and lipid levels as well as liver function of patients.
Keywords: Blood Glucose, Diabetes Complications, drug-induced liver injury