Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

15 July 2018 : Laboratory Research  

miR-145-5p Inhibits Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells (VSMCs) Proliferation and Migration by Dysregulating the Transforming Growth Factor-b Signaling Cascade

Li Li1ACE, Dingbiao Mao2CDF, Cheng Li2BCDF, Ming Li2ACEFG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.910986

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: LBR4894-4904


BACKGROUND: There is accumulating evidence demonstrating that microRNAs (miRNA) play essential roles in proliferation, migration, and invasion of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). However, the exact function of these molecules and the mechanisms involved are not fully understood. In this study, we defined the role of miR-145-5p in VSMCs.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study used the PDGF-bb-induced VSMCs proliferation model. Expression of miR-145-5p and its target, Smad4, were detected and measured by real-time PCR and Western blot analysis. The luciferase reporter of miR-145-5p was used to elucidate miRNA-target interactions. The functions of miR-145-5p in proliferation and migration were detected by CCK-8 assay, Transwell assay, and scratch test.

RESULTS: This study demonstrates that miR-145-5p is downregulated in PDGF-mediated VSMCs in both time- and dose-dependent manners. The in vitro results suggest that overexpression of miR-145-5p results in a reduction in SMAD4 and an increase in SMAD2, Smad3, and TGF-β at the mRNA and protein levels. Overexpression of miR-145-5p inhibited PDGF-induced VSMCs proliferation and migration. Moreover, SMAD4 was identified as a direct target of miR-145-5p and is involved in PDGF-mediated VSMC proliferation. Downstream factors such as Smad2, Smad3, and TGF-β were also influenced by miR-145-5p.

CONCLUSIONS: We identify miR-145-5p as a novel regulator of VSMC. Moreover, miR-145-5p inhibits VSMCs proliferation and migration by directly targeting Smad4 and dysregulating the transforming growth factor-β signaling cascade, including Smad2, Smad3, and TGF-β.

Keywords: Muscle, Smooth, Vascular, Transforming Growth Factor beta



01 December 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: Cardiovascular Complications at One Year After SARS-CoV-2 Infection are Independent of Underlying Cardiovascular Risk Factors or Severity of COVID-19

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937048

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937048


04 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Wearing Face Masks on Exercise Capacity and Ventilatory Anaerobic Threshold in Healthy Subjects ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936069  

22 April 2022 : Clinical Research  

Factors Associated with Falls During Hospitalization for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936547  

27 April 2022 : Meta-Analysis  

Effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Serum Vitamin D Levels in People Under Age 18 Years: A Systematic Review...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935823  

01 December 2021 : Clinical Research  

COVID-19: Another Cause of Dental Anxiety?

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936535

In Press

20 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Efficacy of Focused Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy in Chronic Low Back Pain: A Prospective Randomized 3-...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936614  

19 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Association Between Serum Homocysteine Levels and Severity of Diabetic Kidney Disease in 489 Patients with ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936323  

18 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Physical and Psychosocial Concept Domains Related to Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQL) in 50 Girls and ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936801  

18 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Association Between Variants of the Mannose-Binding Lectin 2 Gene and Susceptibility to Sepsis in the Haina...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936134  

Most Viewed Current Articles

31 Dec 1969 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

31 Dec 1969 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

31 Dec 1969 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

31 Dec 1969 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750