02 October 2018 : Animal Research
Metformin Increases Cardiac Rupture After Myocardial Infarction via the AMPK-MTOR/PGC-1α Signaling Pathway in Rats with Acute Myocardial InfarctionJinghai Hua12AE, Zhanghua Liu12B, Zuheng Liu12B, Dongqi An12B, Wenyan Lai12C, Qiong Zhan12C, Qingchun Zeng12C, Hao Ren23AE, Dingli Xu12AE*
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: ANS6989-7000
BACKGROUND: Cardiac rupture often occurs after acute myocardial infarction due to complex and unclear pathogenesis. This study investigated whether metformin increases the incidence of cardiac rupture after myocardial infarction through the AMPK-MTOR/PGC-1α signaling pathway.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: An acute myocardial infarction (MI) mouse model was established. A series of experiments involving RT-qPCR, Western blot, TUNEL staining, and Masson staining were performed in this study.
RESULTS: Myocardial infarction occurred, resulting in the cardiac rupture, and the expression level of PGC-1α increased in the cardiac myocardium. Meanwhile, the proportion of myocardial NT-PGC-1α/PGC-1α decreased. The expression level of myocardial PGC-1α in MI mice with cardiac rupture after MI was significantly higher than that in the mice without cardiac rupture, and the ratio of myocardial NT-PGC-1α/PGC-1α was low. In addition, increasing the dose of metformin significantly increased the incidence of cardiac rupture after myocardial infarction in MI mice. High-dose metformin caused cardiac rupture in MI mice. Moreover, high-dose metformin (Met 2.0 nM) reduces the proportion of NT-PGC-1α/PGC-1α in primary cardiomyocytes of SD mice (SD-NRVCs [Neonatal rat ventricular cardiomyocytes]), and its effect was inhibited by Compound C (AMPK inhibitor). Further, after 3 days of treatment with high-dose metformin in MI mice, myocardial fibrin synthesis decreased and fibrosis was significantly inhibited. Meanwhile, cardiomyocyte apoptosis increased significantly. With the increase in metformin concentration, the expression level of myocardial LC3b gradually increased in MI mice, suggesting that metformin enhances the autophagy of cardiomyocytes.
CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that metformin increases cardiac rupture after myocardial infarction through the AMPK-MTOR/PGC-1α signaling pathway.
Keywords: Heart Rupture, Myocardial Infarction
25 October 2021 : EditorialEditorial: The 2021 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Guidelines on the Real-World Prevention of Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease (ASCVD)
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935172
22 October 2021 : Clinical ResearchA Novel Method for the Production of an Autologous Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Catabolic Product (Cytorich) ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934365
11 October 2021 : Clinical ResearchClinical Features and Temporal Lung Radiographic Changes in 25 Patients Recovering from COVID-19 Pneumonia:...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933381
08 September 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.932788
27 Oct 2021 : Clinical ResearchUse of the Braden Scale to Predict Injury Severity in Mass Burn Casualties
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934039
27 Oct 2021 : Database AnalysisLow Expression of Long Noncoding RNA SLC26A4 Antisense RNA 1 Is an Independent Prognostic Biomarker and Cor...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934522
27 Oct 2021 : Database AnalysisA Novel Predictive Model Incorporating Ferroptosis-Related Gene Signatures for Overall Survival in Patients...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934050
Most Viewed Current Articles
20 Mar 2020 : Clinical ResearchSocial Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921
15 Apr 2020 : Clinical ResearchPsychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171
05 May 2020 : Review articleAn Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700