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18 December 2018 : Laboratory Research

Interleukin-37 (IL-37) Suppresses Pertussis Toxin-Induced Inflammatory Myopathy in a Rat Model

Peng Yan12BE, Yuankai Zhang3CE, Chunxiao Wang4CF, Fang Lv5DF, Lijun Song1AG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.910904

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: ANS9187-9195

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Recent data have demonstrated the potential immunosuppressive roles of interleukin-37 (IL-37) in several diseases, but whether it is involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory myopathy has not been elucidated.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: An experimental autoimmune myositis (EAM) model was built by subcutaneous injections of pertussis toxin (PTX) and purified rabbit myosin (10mg/kg) emulsified with an equal volume of conventional complete Freund’s adjuvant (CFA) in a Lewis model. Autoimmune myositis Lewis model rats were divided into 3 groups: group A rats (control group) were injected with CFA in saline weekly; group B (IL-37 group) rats were injected with saline with IL-37 and CFA in saline weekly; and group C (IL-37 + SIS3 group) rats were injected with IL-37, CFA, and SIS3. ELISA was also used to assess the expressions of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, TGF-β1, and CK. HE staining was performed to assess pathological changes in lung and muscle tissues.

RESULTS: The expressions of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, TGF-β1, and CK significantly increased in autoimmune myositis Lewis model rats. After IL-37 treatment, the expression of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, TGF-β1, and CK was significantly reduced, as were the inflammatory responses of lung and muscle. However, SIS3 reduced the effects of IL-37 on the autoimmune myositis Lewis model rats.

CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that IL-37 protects against inflammatory response via regulating Smad3 in autoimmune myositis Lewis model rats.

Keywords: Interleukins, myositis, Pertussis Toxin, Smad3 Protein

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
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