Yuanyuan Wang, Ying Li, Tao Zhang, Yanqing Chi, Maodong Liu, Ying Liu
(Department of Nephrology, Hebei Medical University Third Affiliated Hospital, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China (mainland))
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:4823-4831
Renal podocyte damage plays a crucial role in the development of diabetic nephropathy. Genistein is derived from a leguminous plant, and MyD88 and TRIF are adaptor molecules in the Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling pathway, which may play a role in autophagy. In this study, we utilized an in vitro high glucose (HG)-treated podocyte model to investigate the effects and underlying mechanisms of Genistein and MyD88 or TRIF siRNA induced autophagy and renal protection.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: An immortalized mouse podocyte cell line was treated with HG, Genistein, chloroquine, and/or transfected with specific Myd88 and TRIF siRNAs. The formation of autophagosomes and related autophagic vacuoles were monitored by transmission electron microscopy. The expression of autophagy-related factors and podocyte structure and functional markers, including LC3, p62, p-mTOR, synaptopodin, and nephrin, were measured by Western blot, and LC3 and p-mTOR expression were also assessed by immunofluorescence.
RESULTS: We showed that HG transiently (after 6-h exposure) induced expression of the autophagy activation marker LC3-II in podocytes. Genistein treatment induced autophagy in both normal and HG-treated podocytes through inactivating mTOR signaling. Moreover, Genistein protected podocytes against chloroquine in HG-cultured conditions in vitro by maintaining the level of autophagy-related proteins. In addition, MyD88 siRNA downregulated expression of autophagy-related proteins, whereas Genistein treatment reversed these effects.
CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that Genistein-induced autophagy could be a potential treatment strategy for glomerular diseases.
Keywords: Autophagy, Diabetic Nephropathies, Genistein, Podocytes