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eISSN: 1643-3750

Effects of Test Socket on Pain, Prosthesis Satisfaction, and Functionality in Patients with Transfemoral and Transtibial Amputations

Abdulkadir Aydın, Sibel Çağlar Okur

Department of Prosthetics and Orthotics, Dicle University Medical School, Diyarbakir, Turkey

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:4031-4037

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.910858

Available online:

Published: 2018-06-13


BACKGROUND: The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the frequency of admissions, reason for admissions, and test socket satisfaction in patients who received a lower-limb prosthesis with or without a test socket in our unit.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 88 patients (54 men, 34 women) were included in the study. Patients were divided into 2 groups: the group with test socket (Group I, 44 patients) and the group without test socket (Group II, 44 patients). Variables related to the functional status, frequency of complaints, and test socket satisfaction were investigated in the 2 groups. The Trinity Amputation and Prosthesis Experience Scales (TAPES) and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) were used to assess the level of patient satisfaction with their prosthesis. The VAS (Visual Analogue Scale) was used to assess pain at rest and during walking.
RESULTS: We found that the TAPES values were more significant in Group 1 in both transtibial and transfemoral amputations (P<0.05). However, prosthesis delivery time was more significant in Group 2 in both transtibial and transfemoral amputations (P<0.001) whereas the frequency of admissions within 3 months was more significant in Group 1 in both transtibial and transfemoral amputations (P<0.001). There was no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups in terms of other parameters (P>0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Although the use of a test socket increases the cost of prosthesis units, we showed that patients with transtibial and transfemoral amputations have fewer complaints related to prosthesis increases patient functionality, and that it reduces pain and increases patient satisfaction with the prosthesis.

Keywords: Amputation Stumps, chronic pain, Quality of Life



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