Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

01 October 2018 : Clinical Research

Relationship of Autophagy and Apoptosis with Total Occlusion of Coronary Arteries

Ozgur Kaplan1ABCDEF*, Gunnur Demircan2ACDF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.910763

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR6984-6988

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the level of autophagy and apoptosis enzymes in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Furthermore, we investigated the role of autophagy and apoptosis in the progression of coronary collateral and coronary total occlusion (TO).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We enrolled 115 patients in this prospective, observational, controlled study, who were categorized into 3 groups as follows: group 1, patients with chronic TO (n=49); group 2, patients with acute TO such as myocardial infarction (n=36); and group 3, healthy control patients (n=30). We used the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit for autophagy-related protein 5 (ATG5) and apoptosis (M30) in the plasma for these 3 groups.

RESULTS: Autophagy levels significantly varied among the groups (13.7±5.3 ng/mL, 11.7±3.4 ng/mL, and 7.5±3, respectively; P<0.001). In addition, apoptosis levels significantly varied among the groups (78.6±33.4 ng/mL, 64.9±30.6 ng/mL, and 47.6±18.2, respectively; P<0.001). The subgroup analysis revealed significant positive correlations between the autophagy level and the Rentrop score in contrast to apoptosis in group 1 (r=0.463; P<0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: This study determined that autophagy and apoptosis levels were higher in patients with CAD than in healthy controls. In contrast to the serum apoptosis level, serum autophagy levels demonstrated a significant positive correlation with the Rentrop score. Hence, an elevated autophagy level might be a potential activator and marker of the process by which the body protects itself in CAD.

Keywords: Coronary Artery Disease

0 Comments

Weekly Editorial

18 October 2021 : Editorial

Editorial: Global Initiatives Support the Use and Regulation of Digital Health Technology During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935123

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935123

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

20 October 2021 : Editorial

Editorial: The 2021 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Guidelines on the Real-World Prevention of Atheros...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935172  

22 October 2021 : Clinical Research

A Novel Method for the Production of an Autologous Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Catabolic Product (Cytorich) ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934365  

11 October 2021 : Clinical Research

Clinical Features and Temporal Lung Radiographic Changes in 25 Patients Recovering from COVID-19 Pneumonia:...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933381  

08 September 2021 : Clinical Research

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.932788  

In Press

22 Oct 2021 : Clinical Research

Ulnar Groove Plasty Guided by a 3D Printing Technique for Moderate to Severe Cubital Tunnel Syndrome Caused...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933775  

22 Oct 2021 : Clinical Research

Total Fluoroscopy Time Reduction During Ultrasound- and Fluoroscopy-Guided Percutaneous Transhepatic Biliar...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933889  

22 Oct 2021 : Clinical Research

Correlation Between Severity of Illness and Levels of Free Triiodothyronine, Interleukin-6, and Interleukin...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933230  

22 Oct 2021 : Clinical Research

A Novel Method for the Production of an Autologous Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Catabolic Product (Cytorich) ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934365  

Most Viewed Current Articles

20 Mar 2020 : Clinical Research

Social Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.923921

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921

15 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research

Psychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924171

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171

05 May 2020 : Review article

An Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924700

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700

26 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research

Comparison of Prevalence and Associated Factors of Anxiety and Depression Among People Affected by versus P...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924609

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924609

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750