01 October 2018 : Clinical Research
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR6984-6988
BACKGROUND: The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the level of autophagy and apoptosis enzymes in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Furthermore, we investigated the role of autophagy and apoptosis in the progression of coronary collateral and coronary total occlusion (TO).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We enrolled 115 patients in this prospective, observational, controlled study, who were categorized into 3 groups as follows: group 1, patients with chronic TO (n=49); group 2, patients with acute TO such as myocardial infarction (n=36); and group 3, healthy control patients (n=30). We used the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit for autophagy-related protein 5 (ATG5) and apoptosis (M30) in the plasma for these 3 groups.
RESULTS: Autophagy levels significantly varied among the groups (13.7±5.3 ng/mL, 11.7±3.4 ng/mL, and 7.5±3, respectively; P<0.001). In addition, apoptosis levels significantly varied among the groups (78.6±33.4 ng/mL, 64.9±30.6 ng/mL, and 47.6±18.2, respectively; P<0.001). The subgroup analysis revealed significant positive correlations between the autophagy level and the Rentrop score in contrast to apoptosis in group 1 (r=0.463; P<0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: This study determined that autophagy and apoptosis levels were higher in patients with CAD than in healthy controls. In contrast to the serum apoptosis level, serum autophagy levels demonstrated a significant positive correlation with the Rentrop score. Hence, an elevated autophagy level might be a potential activator and marker of the process by which the body protects itself in CAD.
Keywords: Coronary Artery Disease
25 October 2021 : EditorialEditorial: The 2021 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Guidelines on the Real-World Prevention of Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease (ASCVD)
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935172
22 October 2021 : Clinical ResearchA Novel Method for the Production of an Autologous Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Catabolic Product (Cytorich) ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934365
11 October 2021 : Clinical ResearchClinical Features and Temporal Lung Radiographic Changes in 25 Patients Recovering from COVID-19 Pneumonia:...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933381
08 September 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.932788
27 Oct 2021 : Clinical ResearchUse of the Braden Scale to Predict Injury Severity in Mass Burn Casualties
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934039
27 Oct 2021 : Database AnalysisLow Expression of Long Noncoding RNA SLC26A4 Antisense RNA 1 Is an Independent Prognostic Biomarker and Cor...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934522
27 Oct 2021 : Database AnalysisA Novel Predictive Model Incorporating Ferroptosis-Related Gene Signatures for Overall Survival in Patients...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934050
Most Viewed Current Articles
20 Mar 2020 : Clinical ResearchSocial Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921
15 Apr 2020 : Clinical ResearchPsychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171
05 May 2020 : Review articleAn Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700