Immunohistochemistry Detects Increased Expression of Aldo-Keto Reductase Family 1 Member B10 (AKR1B10) in Early-Stage Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Chao Han, Lanzhu Gao, Lianrong Zhao, Qiuju Sheng, Chong Zhang, Ziying An, Tingting Xia, Yang Ding, Jingyan Wang, Han Bai, Xiaoguang Dou
Department of Infectious Diseases, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:7414-7423
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains difficult to diagnose at an early stage. Aldo-keto reductase family 1 member B10 (AKR1B10) is an oxidoreductase that is upregulated in some chronic liver diseases. The aim of this study was to use immunohistochemistry to evaluate the expression of AKR1B10 in liver tissue from patients with HCC of different stages.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-four patients with a tissue diagnosis of HCC (35 males and 9 females) with 37 control samples of liver tissue containing liver cirrhosis were studied using immunohistochemistry for the expression of AKR1B10. Histological examination determined the grade of HCC; the stage of HCC was determined according to the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) staging system. Serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) levels were measured and compared between the patients with HCC.
RESULTS: Immunohistochemistry showed increased expression of AKR1B10 in moderately-differentiated HCC compared with well-differentiated HCC, poorly-differentiated HCC, and liver cirrhosis (P<0.05). Sensitivity and specificity of AKR1B10 expression in HCC were high at a cutoff integral optical density (IOD) value of 89.5. A significant increase in AKR1B10 expression was found in early-stage HCC (P<0.05). Serum AFP levels were increased in patients with poorly-differentiated HCC, were increased in intermediate-stage HCC, and were significantly increased in advanced-stage HCC (P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Immunohistochemistry showed that the expression of AKR1B10 was increased in tumor tissue from patients with early-stage HCC. Further studies are needed to determine the role of AKR1B10 in the early detection of HCC.
Keywords: alpha-Fetoproteins, Carcinoma, Hepatocellular, Early Detection of Cancer