Jie Xia, Hui Wang, Qimei Zhang, Zhongmou Han
Institute of Neurology, China Three Gorges University, Yichang, Hubei, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:6165-6177
Epilepsy is a complex neurologic disorder with abnormal electrical impulses in the brain. A crucial role of purinergic signalling in the proper working of the nervous system has been reported but much less is known about the modulation of P2X3 purinergic receptors in epilepsy. This study investigated the effect of NF110, a potent P2X3 receptor antagonist, in the rat epilepsy model of pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced kindling.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The mean kindling score, motor activity, locomotion, emotional tension, anxiety, discrimination ability, learning, memory, serum neuron-specific enolase (sNSE), hippocampal IL-1β and TNF-α, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance (TBARS), catalase (CAT) and reduced glutathione (GSH), and mitochondrial complex I, II, and IV levels of PTZ-kindling animals were assessed.
RESULTS: The PTZ-kindling animals have shown impaired motor activity, locomotion, discrimination ability, learning, and memory, along with increased emotional tension, anxiety, neuronal damage (increased sNSE), hippocampal pro-inflammatory mediators (increased IL-1β and TNF-α), oxidative stress (increased TBARS, decreased GSH and CAT), and mitochondrial dysfunction. The administration of NF110 in 3 different doses has significantly and dose-dependently corrected PTZ-kindling-induced impaired behavior, learning, memory, locomotion, motor activity, discrimination ability, neuronal damage, hippocampal inflammation, oxidative stress, and mitochondrial dysfunction. These beneficial effects of NF110 in PTZ-kindling animals were significantly abolished by the administration of the P2X agonist α, β methylene-ATP.
CONCLUSIONS: P2X3 receptors play a very important role in kindling epilepsy and further research should be done to design P2X3 modulators for their possible therapeutic benefits in epileptic disorders.
Keywords: Hippocampus, Inflammation, Oxidative Stress, Receptors, Purinergic P2X