22 May 2018 : Animal Research
IRAK Inhibitor Protects the Intestinal Tract of Necrotizing Enterocolitis by Inhibiting the Toll-Like Receptor (TLR) Inflammatory Signaling Pathway in RatsYu Hou1ABDE, Xin Lu2ACFG*, Yueju Zhang3ADF
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: ANS3366-3373
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of interleukin-1 (IL-1) receptor associated kinase (IRAK) inhibitors on intestinal injury induced by necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in neonatal rats and its regulation on the intestinal Toll-like receptor (TLR) inflammatory signaling pathway.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The neonatal rat models of NEC were established though hypoxia-cold stimulation. All rats were divided into 3 groups: an NEC model group (NEC group), an IRAK inhibitor group (IRAKI group), and a normal control group (NC group). At 72 h after the models were established, intestinal tissues were collected for histopathological examination, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), Western blotting, and immunohistochemistry.
RESULTS: After IRAK inhibitor intervention, the symptoms of NEC in neonatal rats were alleviated, and the degree of weight loss was reduced. In the IRAK group, the intestinal pathology of neonatal rats was improved, pathological score was decreased, and the incidence rate of NEC was significantly reduced. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), IL-1β, and IL-6 in the IRAK group were significantly decreased compared with those in the NEC group. There were no significant differences in IRAK1 and IRAK4 protein expression levels between the IRAK group and the NEC group. The phosphorylated IRAK1 and IRAK4 in the IRAK group were significantly decreased. Nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) level of intestinal tissues in the IRAK group was reduced compared with that in the NEC group.
CONCLUSIONS: IRAK inhibitors can inhibit the inflammatory response of the NEC model, reduce the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines, and alleviate the damage to intestinal tissues by inhibiting conduction of the TLR signaling pathway.
Keywords: Enterocolitis, Necrotizing, Interleukin-1 Receptor-Associated Kinases, Toll-Like Receptors
01 December 2021 : EditorialEditorial: SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Responses and Breakthrough COVID-19
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935624
03 December 2021 : Laboratory ResearchInfluenza and Influenza-Like Respiratory Virus Infections in Children During the 2019/20 Influenza Season a...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934862
08 November 2021 : Database AnalysisVirtual Screening and Molecular Docking to Study the Mechanism of Chinese Medicines in the Treatment of Cor...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934102
01 November 2021 : EditorialEditorial: What Can be Learned from National and International Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting Systems Duri...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935299
07 Dec 2021 : Review articleA Review of the Impact of Neutrophils and Neutrophil Extracellular Traps (NETs) on the Development of Aorti...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935134
07 Dec 2021 : Review articleAdie’s Pupil: A Diagnostic Challenge for the Physician
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934657
06 Dec 2021 : Animal ResearchAstragalus Flavone Induces Proliferation and Differentiation of Neural Stem Cells in a Cerebral Infarction ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933830
Most Viewed Current Articles
20 Mar 2020 : Clinical ResearchSocial Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921
15 Apr 2020 : Clinical ResearchPsychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171
05 May 2020 : Review articleAn Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700