Evaluation of Sexual Function in Women with Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism Using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)
Mert Ulaş Barut, Hakan Çoksüer, Sibel Sak, Murat Bozkurt, Elif Ağaçayak, Uğur Hamurcu, Didem Kurban, Süleyman Eserdağ
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Harran University School of Medicine, Şanlıurfa, Turkey
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:5610-5618
Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH), or secondary hypogonadism, results from reduced secretion of gonadotropins, including follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH), by the pituitary gland, resulting in lack of production of sex steroids. The aim of this study was to evaluate self-reported sexual function in sexually active women with and without HH using two evaluation methods, the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study recruited 88 women who attended an outpatient in vitro fertilization (IVF) clinic in Turkey for primary infertility, between August 2013 and August 2016. All patients were sexually active with an age that ranged from 20–41 years. Following an initial examination, including measurement of FSH and LH levels, all study participants were asked to complete the FSFI and BDI self-reporting questionnaires. Patients were divided into Group 1 (with HH) (N=42) and Group 2 (the control group) (N=46).
RESULTS: Analysis of the patient responses to questions regarding their sexual function in the FSFI and BDI showed that of the 42 patients in Group 1 (the HH group), 27 patients (64.28%) reported sexual dysfunction; of the 46 patients in Group 2 (the control group) 14 patients (30.34%) reported sexual dysfunction. Analysis of the FSFI lubrication scores and orgasm scores showed a statistically significant difference between the two groups (both, p<0.01).
CONCLUSIONS: Women with HH require both physical and psychological support to improve their sexual function, self-esteem, mental health, and quality of life.
Keywords: Anovulation, Hypogonadism, Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological, Women