Anterior Cervical Corpectomy and Fusion and Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Using Titanium Mesh Cages for Treatment of Degenerative Cervical Pathologies: A Literature Review
Zhijing Wen, Teng Lu, Yibin Wang, Hui Liang, Zhengchao Gao, Xijing He
Department of Orthopedics, Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:6398-6404
Anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF) and anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) are 2 effective and safe surgical treatments of degenerative cervical pathologies and are associated with a high percentage of excellent clinical outcomes when a graft or device must be used during the surgery, such as an allograft, autograft, nano-hydroxyapatite/polyamide cages, poly-ether-ether-ketone (PEEK) cages, and titanium mesh cages (TMCs). Although TMCs have been used in cervical surgeries for almost 2 decades, no specific reviews have been performed introducing the state of this material. Thus, in the present review, we discuss the status of using TMCs in anterior cervical surgeries.
Studies that tested the usage of TMCs in treating degenerative cervical pathologies were included in this review. The development and progress of TMCs, the biomechanical analysis of TMCs, the radiological and clinical assessment of TMCs, the advantages and disadvantages of using TMCs, and their prospects for future applications as a device of ACCF and ACDF in treating degenerative cervical pathologies are discussed.
Studies included in this review showed that TMCs can provide sufficient biomechanical stability. Furthermore, the TMCs used in anterior cervical fusion avoid the donor-site morbidity and achieve a solid bony fusion. However, there are some shortcomings. The structural characteristics and the design of TMCs cause the TMC subsidence rate to remain high, thus resulting in multiple related complications.
We believe that due to the virtues of TMCs, they are worthy of application and promotion. However, the structure of TMCs should be further optimized to reduce the TMC subsidence rate and subsidence-related complications, ultimately achieving excellent clinical results.
Keywords: Cervical Vertebrae, Neck Pain, Patient Outcome Assessment, Spinal Cord Compression, Spinal Fusion, Titanium