Circular RNA Complement Factor H (CFH) Promotes Glioma Progression by Sponging miR-149 and Regulating AKT1
Aimiao Bian, Yanping Wang, Ji Liu, Xiaodong Wang, Dai Liu, Jian Jiang, Lianshu Ding, Xiaobo Hui
Department of Neurosurgery, Huai’an First People’s Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Huai’an, Jiangsu, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:5704-5712
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are widely expressed in mammals and can regulate the development and progression of human tumors. has_circ_0015758 (circ-CFH) is an exon circRNA transcript from the GRCh37/hg19 fragment of chromosome 1 and is homologous to the protein-coding gene complement factor H (CFH). Currently, the function of circ-CFH in glioma remains unclear.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: In our study, circ-CFH, miR-149, and Akt1 mRNA expression levels were analyzed by qRT-PCR assays. To investigate the function of circ-CFH in cell proliferation, circ-CFH knockdown models were established by using circ-CFH siRNAs. Cell proliferation abilities were measured by CCK-8 and colony formation assays and in vivo experiments. In addition, the interaction between circ-CFH and miR-149 was assessed by luciferase reporter assays.
RESULTS: Circ-CFH expression was significantly upregulated in glioma tissue and was correlated with tumor grade. Circ-CFH expression levels were also markedly higher in U251 and U373 glioma cell lines. Circ-CFH knockdown inhibited cell proliferation and colony formation abilities. Luciferase assays indicated that circ-CFH functions as a miR-149 sponge and inhibits its function in U251 and U373 cells. Subsequently, AKT1 was identified as a direct target of the circ-CFH/miR-149 axis.
CONCLUSIONS: Circ-CFH promotes glioma progression by sponging miR-149 and regulating the AKT1 signaling pathway. The circ-CFH/miR-149/AKT1 regulation axis may be a potential target for glioma therapy.
Keywords: Astrocytoma, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt, RNA, Small Untranslated