miR-106a Reduces 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) Sensitivity of Colorectal Cancer by Targeting Dual-Specificity Phosphatases 2 (DUSP2)
Yan Qin, Xiao Chen, Zhihu Liu, Xiaopeng Tian, Zhibin Huo
Surgical Department of Gastrointestinal Neoplasms, Xingtai People’s Hospital, Xingtai, Hebei, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: LBR4944-4951
5-Fluorouracil (5-FU)-based chemotherapy is a conventional therapeutic approach for the treatment of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). However, development of 5-FU resistance frequently occurs. We explored a potential method for regulating the sensitivity to 5-FU-based chemotherapy in CRC patients.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cell viability was determined by 3-(4, 5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2, 5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Gene expression levels were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Protein expression levels were evaluated by Western blot. TargetScan was used for the prediction of binding sites for miRNA in mRNAs. The interaction between mRNA 3’UTR and miRNA was verified by dual luciferase reporter assay. Tissue samples were obtained from 33 CRC patients who received surgery at Xingtai People’s Hospital.
RESULTS: miR-106a level was associated with 5-FU sensitivity in CRC cells. Overexpression of miR-106a reduced 5-FU sensitivity of HCT116 and SW620 cells, and antagonist of miR-106a sensitized HCT116 and SW620 towards 5-FU. miR-106a overexpression decreased dual-specificity phosphatases 2 (DUSP2) expression at mRNA and protein levels in HCT116 and SW620 cells. Through downregulation of DUSP2, miR-106a elevation increased COX-2 expression and stemness-maintenance genes (SOX2 and OCT4). Furthermore, we predicted that miR-106a directly binds to 3’UTR of DUSP2 mRNA, which was confirmed by dual luciferase assay. Silencing of DUSP2 reversed elevated 5-FU sensitivity induced by miR-106a antagonist in HCT116 cells. A negative correlation was discovered between miR-106a and DUSP2 in tumor samples of CRC patients.
CONCLUSIONS: miR-106a plays an important role in mediating response to 5-FU-based chemotherapy in CRC and could serve as a potential target for CRC patients.
Keywords: Colorectal Neoplasms, Fluorouracil