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Differential Expression Pattern of Exosome Long Non-Coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and MicroRNAs (miRNAs) in Vascular Endothelial Cells Under Heat Stroke

Huai-Sheng Chen, Hua-Sheng Tong, Ying Zhao, Cheng-Ying Hong, Jian-Ping Bin, Lei Su

(Department of Critical Care Medicine, Guangzhou School of Clinical Medicine, Southern Medical University (Guangzhou General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Region), Guangzhou, Guangdong, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:7965-7974

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.909983

Published: 2018-11-06

BACKGROUND: Heat stroke is a life-threatening disease which is characterized by a high body temperature and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. Vascular endothelial cell injury is a main feature of heat stroke. Little is known about the long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) and microRNA (miRNA) expression alternation in endothelial cell exosomes related to heat stroke. The aim of this study was to explore the changes of lncRNAs and miRNAs expression pattern in exosomes derived from vascular endothelial cells under heat stroke temperature conditions.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cultured medium exosomes from HUVECs (human vascular endothelial cells) either under normal temperature or heat stroke temperature conditions were harvested; then RNA was extracted and the lncRNAs and miRNAs were analyzed by high throughput sequencing.
RESULTS: Ten significantly upregulated and 10 downregulated lncRNAs were identified in exosomes derived from heat stroke temperature treated cells. Furthermore, GO (Gene Ontology) and KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) analyses were used to evaluate the signaling pathway of differential expressions in lncRNAs. Finally, the interaction network of lncRNAs-miRNAs-mRNA was uncovered using ceRNA (competing endogenous RNA) principle via prediction software.
CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that the identified lncRNAs and miRNAs in endothelial cell exosomes might serve as non-invasive biomarkers for heat stroke.

Keywords: endothelial cells, exosomes, Heat Stroke, MicroRNAs, RNA, Long Noncoding