Lapatinib, a Dual Inhibitor of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) and HER-2, Enhances Radiosensitivity in Mouse Bladder Tumor Line-2 (MBT-2) Cells In Vitro and In Vivo
Yi Mu, Deyu Sun
Radiation Oncology Department of Gastrointestinal and Urinary and Musculoskeletal Cance, Liaoning Cancer Hospital and Institutes, Henyang, Liaoning, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:5811-5819
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of lapatinib, a dual inhibitor of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and HER-2, on the radiosensitivity of murine bladder tumor line-2 (MBT-2) cells in vitro and in vivo.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: MBT-2 cells were pretreated with lapatinib at doses ranging from 200–1,000 nM for 30 min followed by radiation at doses ranging from 2.5–10 Gy for 30 min. A clonogenic assay (colony formation assay) assessed cell survival. Western blot measured phosphorylated epidermal growth factor receptor (p-EGFR), phosphorylated AKT (p-AKT), and phosphorylated HER-2 (p-HER2) and the apoptosis marker, PARP. The C3H/HeN mouse tumor xenograft model underwent subcutaneous injection of MBT-2 cells; mice were divided into four groups, treated with lapatinib (200 mg/kg), radiation (15 Gy), a combination of both, and with vehicle (control).
RESULTS: Lapatinib pretreatment, combined with radiation, decreased MBT-2 cell survival, and suppressed radiation-activated levels of p-EGFR and p-HER-2. MBT-2 cells treated with a 10 Gy dose of radiation and 1000 nM of lapatinib showed combination index (CI) values of <1 indicating synergy. Increased expression of γ-H2AX, indicated increased apoptosis. In mice with tumor xenografts, a daily dose of lapatinib (200 mg/kg/day) for seven days combined with radiation on the fourth day suppressed tumor growth to a greater degree than radiation alone.
CONCLUSIONS: Lapatinib treatment enhanced the radiation sensitivity in an in vitro and in vivo murine bladder cancer model by decreasing radiation-mediated EGFR and HER-2 activation, and by causing DNA damage leading to cell apoptosis.
Keywords: Genes, erbB-1, Genes, erbB-2, Urinary Bladder Neoplasms