Inhibition of C-X-C Motif Chemokine 10 (CXCL10) Protects Mice from Cigarette Smoke-Induced Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Hongyu Jing, Lingyun Liu, Junfeng Zhou, Hanxin Yao
Department of Respiratory Medicine, First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:5748-5753
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a type of obstructive lung disease characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow. COPD can progress to persistent decline of pulmonary function. This study explored the effect of CXCL10 on COPD induced by cigarette smoke (CS) and its underlying mechanism.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Wild-type (WT) mice were randomly assigned into 3 groups: the control group, the CS group, and the intervention group. Mice in the CS group were exposed to CS and mice in the CXCL10 group were exposed to CS and CXCL10 neutralizing antibody. At 24 h after the last CS exposure, body weight and lung functions of each mouse were recorded. Mice were then anesthetized for collecting bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and lung tissues. Levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), keratinocyte chemotactic factor (KC), and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in supernatant and lung homogenate were detected by ELISA and real-time PCR (RT-PCR), respectively. For in vitro experiments, human bronchial epithelial cells 16HBE were stimulated with different concentrations of cigarette smoke extract (CSE) and CXCL10. Cell viability and levels of inflammatory cytokines in the cell supernatant were detected by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and ELISA assay, respectively.
RESULTS: Our data showed significant weight loss and reduction of lung functions in mice in the CS group compared with those in the control group and intervention group. Increased levels of IL-6, KC, and MCP-1 in BALF and lung homogenate were observed in mice in the model group compared to those in the control group and intervention group. In vitro experiments also confirmed that CXCL10-neutralizing antibody can inhibit CSE-induced cell necrosis and activation of inflammatory cytokines.
CONCLUSIONS: Inhibited CXCL10 protects against COPD progression by decreasing secretion of inflammatory factors, which provides a new direction for the clinical prevention and treatment of COPD.
Keywords: Chemokine CXCL10, Lung Diseases, Obstructive, Smoke