Plasma Resistin Levels in Patients with Acute Aortic Dissection: A Propensity Score-Matched Observational Case-Control Study
Xintian Liu, Xuan Zheng, Xi Su, Wei Tian, Yuanping Hu, Zhiping Zhang
Department of Cardiology, Wuhan Asia Heart Hospital, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:6431-6437
The aim of this observational case-control study was to compare the levels of plasma resistin between patients with acute aortic dissection and matched controls, and to use propensity score matching (PSM) to reduce case selection bias and clinical confounders.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: With the use of PSM, this study included 43 pairs of patients with acute aortic dissection (type-A and type-B dissection) and matched controls. Plasma resistin levels and other laboratory parameters were compared between the two groups, including white blood cell (WBC) count, glucose, high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and D-dimer. The correlations between resistin and other laboratory parameters were evaluated in patients with acute aortic dissection.
RESULTS: Following PSM adjustment for clinical variables, including age, sex, body mass index, smoking, alcohol drinking, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease and stroke, plasma resistin levels were significantly increased in patients with acute aortic dissection when compared with controls (35.2±13.8 vs. 18.4±9.1 ng/ml) (p<0.001). WBC counts, and levels of glucose, hs-CRP, IL-6, TNF-α and D-dimer were also significantly increased in the patients with aortic dissection compared with the control group. After adjustment for these variables, the association between plasma resistin levels and acute aortic dissection remained significant (OR, 1.114; 95% CI, 1.036–1.224) (p<0.001). Plasma resistin levels was positively correlated with WBC count (r=0.368, p=0.015), hs-CRP (r=0.359, p=0.022), IL-6 (r=0.306, p=0.046) and TNF-α levels (r=0.315, p=0.040) in patients with acute aortic dissection.
CONCLUSIONS: Acute aortic dissection is associated with elevated levels of plasma resistin and other pro-inflammatory cytokines. Plasma resistin levels is positively associated with other pro-inflammatory cytokines in acute aortic dissection.
Keywords: Aneurysm, Dissecting, Case-Control Studies, propensity score, Resistin