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Effect of Resourcefulness Training on Symptoms Distress of Patients with Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma

Li-Fang Huang, Si-Jie Gui, Yan-Ping Wan, Fang-Hua Gong, Dian Wang, Wen-Jing Yan, Ru-Lei Ding, Li Zhou, Gu-Qing Zeng

School of Nursing, University of South China, Hengyang, Hunan, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:5624-5634

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.909442

Available online:

Published: 2018-08-13

BACKGROUND: Symptom distress is very common in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) during radiotherapy, seriously affecting their quality of life and impeding the process of rehabilitation. Resourcefulness training can enhance the level of resourcefulness and benefit-finding, palliate symptom distress, and promote disease rehabilitation. However, the effects of resourcefulness training on local complications and benefit-finding in NPC patients during radiotherapy remains poorly understood.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Questionnaires and resourcefulness training intervention were used in this study. The relationships among resourcefulness, benefit-finding, and symptom distress of 304 NPC patients were analyzed and the effects of resourcefulness training on NPC patients (N=80) were evaluated during radiotherapy.
RESULTS: Among the 304 NPC patients, age, educational level, occupation, family monthly income, method of payment of medical expenses, and histological types were significant factors influencing resourcefulness and benefit-finding. The patients’ resourcefulness was positively correlated to their benefit-finding; and their distress was negatively correlated to their resourcefulness. After resourcefulness training for 2 months, average scores of the resourcefulness and benefit-finding were significantly increased in the intervention group (N=40) compared to those in the control group (N=40). Average scores of symptom distress were significantly reduced in the 2 groups, but they were reduced more significantly in the intervention group than in the control group.
CONCLUSIONS: The patients’ benefit-finding and symptom distress were correlated with their resourcefulness. Resourcefulness training could enhance the level of resourcefulness and benefit-finding, palliate symptom distress, and promote disease rehabilitation in NPC patients during radiotherapy.

Keywords: Affective Symptoms, Cost-Benefit Analysis, Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms