Tumor Growth Assessment by Computed Tomography Perfusion Imaging (CTPI), Perfusion-Weighted Imaging (PWI), and Diffusion-Weighted Imaging (DWI) in a Rabbit Pleural Squamous Cell Carcinoma VX2-Implanted Model
Qiang Zhang, Caixia Ba, Mingmin Zhang, Zhaoxin Liu, Baoqi Shi, Fuliang Qi, Haijiang Wang, Yuan Lv, Haijiao Jin, Xiaochuan Yang
Department of Radiology, Baotou Cancer Hospital, Baotou, Inner Mongolia, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:6756-6764
Computed tomography perfusion imaging (CTPI) and perfusion-weighted imaging (PWI) are non-invasive technologies that can quantify tumor vascularity and blood flow. This study explored the blood flow information, tumor cell viability, and hydrothoraces in a rabbit pleural VX2-implanted model through use of CTPI, PWI, and DWI.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A pleural VX2-implanted model was established in 58 New Zealand white rabbits. CTPI, PWI, and DWI were applied with a 16-slice spiral CT and an Archival 1.5 T dual-gradient MRI.
RESULTS: Compared with muscle tissue, PV, PEI, and BV of parietal and visceral pleural tumor implantation rabbits showed significant differences. The t values of PV, PEI, and BV between parietal and visceral pleura were 2.08, 2.29, and 2.88, respectively. Compared with muscle tissue, WIR, WOR, and MAXR of parietal and visceral pleural tumor implantation rabbits showed significant differences. In parietal pleural tumor implantation rabbits, the section surface of lesion tissues was 5.2±2.7 cm². Hydrothorax appeared 6.0±2.0 days after tumor implantation. The mean value of ADC was 1.5±0.6. In visceral pleural tumor implantation rabbits, the section surface of lesion tissues was 1.6±0.8 cm². Hydrothorax appeared 7.0±3.0 days after tumor implantation. The mean value of ADC was 1.4±0.5. The t values of the above 3 indices for the parietal and visceral pleura were 1.85, 1.83, and 1.76, respectively (P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: The combined application of CTPI, PWI, and DWI accurately and visually reflects the blood perfusion of tumor tissues and quantitatively analyzes blood flow information and the mechanism underlying hydrothorax generation in tumor tissues.
Keywords: Diffusion, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, perfusion imaging