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25 September 2018 : Animal Research  

Tumor Growth Assessment by Computed Tomography Perfusion Imaging (CTPI), Perfusion-Weighted Imaging (PWI), and Diffusion-Weighted Imaging (DWI) in a Rabbit Pleural Squamous Cell Carcinoma VX2-Implanted Model

Qiang Zhang1ABCDEF, Caixia Ba1ADE*, Mingmin Zhang1BCE, Zhaoxin Liu1BCD, Baoqi Shi1CD, Fuliang Qi1BF, Haijiang Wang1E, Yuan Lv1D, Haijiao Jin1D, Xiaochuan Yang1F

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.909431

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: ANS6756-6764

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Computed tomography perfusion imaging (CTPI) and perfusion-weighted imaging (PWI) are non-invasive technologies that can quantify tumor vascularity and blood flow. This study explored the blood flow information, tumor cell viability, and hydrothoraces in a rabbit pleural VX2-implanted model through use of CTPI, PWI, and DWI.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A pleural VX2-implanted model was established in 58 New Zealand white rabbits. CTPI, PWI, and DWI were applied with a 16-slice spiral CT and an Archival 1.5 T dual-gradient MRI.

RESULTS: Compared with muscle tissue, PV, PEI, and BV of parietal and visceral pleural tumor implantation rabbits showed significant differences. The t values of PV, PEI, and BV between parietal and visceral pleura were 2.08, 2.29, and 2.88, respectively. Compared with muscle tissue, WIR, WOR, and MAXR of parietal and visceral pleural tumor implantation rabbits showed significant differences. In parietal pleural tumor implantation rabbits, the section surface of lesion tissues was 5.2±2.7 cm². Hydrothorax appeared 6.0±2.0 days after tumor implantation. The mean value of ADC was 1.5±0.6. In visceral pleural tumor implantation rabbits, the section surface of lesion tissues was 1.6±0.8 cm². Hydrothorax appeared 7.0±3.0 days after tumor implantation. The mean value of ADC was 1.4±0.5. The t values of the above 3 indices for the parietal and visceral pleura were 1.85, 1.83, and 1.76, respectively (P<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: The combined application of CTPI, PWI, and DWI accurately and visually reflects the blood perfusion of tumor tissues and quantitatively analyzes blood flow information and the mechanism underlying hydrothorax generation in tumor tissues.

Keywords: Diffusion, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, perfusion imaging

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Scientific Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935299

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935299

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750