26 April 2018 : Laboratory Research
Effects of Recombinant Circularly Permuted Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF)-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand (TRAIL) (Recombinant Mutant Human TRAIL) in Combination with 5-Fluorouracil in Human Colorectal Cancer Cell Lines HCT116 and SW480Tongyou Sun1ABCDEF, Tienian Zhu23AG*, Xiujun Liang4BCD, Shifang Yang5AD, Ruijing Zhao2ACDG
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: LBR2550-2561
BACKGROUND: Circularly permuted tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand, a mutant form of tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand, is an effective antitumor cytokine. However, its antitumor effect in colorectal cancer is unclear. This study assessed the antitumor effect of circularly permuted tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand alone or with 5-fluorouracil in colorectal cancer cells in vitro and explored the underlying mechanisms.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used the (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium) (MTS) assay to analyze cell proliferation inhibition. The apoptotic effects of circularly permuted tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand, 5-fluorouracil, or both in human colorectal cancer cells were evaluated using flow cytometry. Furthermore, the levels of apoptosis-related proteins were examined by Western blotting.
RESULTS: Compared to either agent alone, cotreatment with 5-fluorouracil and circularly permuted tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand showed obvious antitumor effects and induced significant apoptosis of colorectal cancer cells. 5-Fluorouracil enhanced circularly permuted tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand-induced apoptosis by increasing death receptor 4 and 5 levels in HCT116 cells, but only of death receptor 4 in SW480 cells. Moreover, 5-fluorouracil plus circularly permuted tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand increased apoptosis-related protein levels such as cleaved caspase-3, caspase-8, and poly-ADP-ribose polymerase and downregulated that of the survival protein B-cell lymphoma-extra-large. Pretreatment with the pan-caspase inhibitor, z-VAD-FMK, attenuated the caspase-dependent apoptosis induced by circularly permuted tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand alone or combined with 5-fluorouracil.
CONCLUSIONS: Cotreatment with 5-fluorouracil and circularly permuted tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand showed enhanced antitumor effects on colorectal cancer cells.
Keywords: Colorectal Neoplasms, Fluorouracil, Receptors, Death Domain, TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand
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