Correlation of Brain Perfusion with White Matter Hyperintensity, Brain Atrophy, and Cognition in Patients with Posterior Cerebral Artery Stenosis and Subjective Cognitive Decline
Meng Liu, Zhi-Yu Nie, Ren-Ren Li, Wei Zhang, Hui Wang, Yu-Sheng He, Li-Juan Zhao, Yun-Xia Li
(Department of Neurology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Tongji University, Shanghai, China (mainland))
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:5729-5738
This study aimed to investigate the correlation of brain perfusion with white matter hyperintensity (WMH), brain atrophy, and cognition in patients with moderate to severe posterior cerebral artery stenosis (PCAS).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: 65 patients with memory decline as the main complaint and no history of brain infarction were recruited from the Department of Neurology of Tongji Hospital. Patients with moderate to severe PCAS were included in case group, and subjects with normal intracranial blood vessels served as controls. The demographics and vascular risk factors were recorded. Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) was used to evaluate the cognition. CT perfusion imaging was performed, and WASID was employed for the assessment of intracranial artery stenosis. The region of interest (ROI) was analyzed based on the whole brain perfusion. Cranial MRI was performed, and Scheltens scoring system was used for the assessment of WMH on FLAIR. T1 weighed images were obtained, and global cortical atrophy (GCA) scale was employed for the assessment of brain atrophy. The detections of brain perfusion, WMH and brain atrophy were done at centrum ovale, parietal lateral ventricle and basal ganglia layers.
RESULTS: In PCAS patients we found low perfusion in the antecornu and postcornu blood supply areas at the lateral ventricle, the blood supply area of the anterior cerebral artery, the blood supply area of the posterior cerebral artery, and the blood supply area at the hippocampus as compared with control subjects (p<0.05). As compared with control subjects, the incidence of WMH in the blood supply areas at the deep brain and lateral ventricle was significantly higher in PCAS patients (p<0.05). When compared with controls, the incidence of brain atrophy increased significantly in PCAS patients (p<0.01). Correlation analysis showed the brain perfusion at the blood supply area of the posterior cerebral artery was positively correlated to the total MoCA score and negatively correlated to the severity of WMH at the blood supply area of the posterior cerebral artery (p<0.05). Further analysis showed the brain perfusion at the blood supply area of the posterior cerebral artery was negatively associated with cortex supplied by the posterior cerebral artery, posterior cingulate, and hippocampus (p<0.01).
CONCLUSIONS: PCAS patients have a higher incidence of brain atrophy, and the perfusion at the area supplied by the posterior cerebral artery is correlated to the severity of brain atrophy and of WMH, as well as to cognition decline.
Keywords: Cognition, Leukoencephalopathies, perfusion imaging, Posterior Cerebral Artery