Wanrong Wu, Fulin Liu, Kejia Wu, Yurou Chen, Hanshu Wu, Guo Dai, Wei Zhang
First Department of Gynaecology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: LBR1310-1320
Available online: 2018-03-04
Lon protease is responsible for degrading proteins injured by oxidation, and has 2 isoforms, located in mitochondria and peroxisomes. Recent research showed that Lon protease was upregulated in different types of human cancer, but the role of Lon peptidase 2, peroxisomal (LONP2) in cancer is not well understood. It is known, however, that in cancer biology, reduction-oxidation is one of the molecular mechanisms involved in tumorigenesis.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Oncomine databases and tissue microarrays, initially using immunohistochemistry, were used to analyze LONP2 expression in cervical cancer. In order to uncover the biologic functions and mechanism(s) underlying LONP2 in cervical tumorigenesis, we downregulated the expression of LONP2 using 2 siRNAs transduced in HeLa and SiHa cells. CCK8 assays were performed to evaluate cell viability. Cell cycle and apoptosis assays were used to determine cell growth. Cell migration and invasion assays were used to study changes in cell migration and invasion capacity. Immunofluorescence and flow cytometry were performed to analyze the changes in ROS production.
RESULTS: We found that the expression of LONP2 was significantly upregulated in cervical cancer, and there was a significant association with pathology type, pathology grade, and clinical stage, but not with age or lymph node metastasis. Moreover, we demonstrated that knocking down LONP2 in HeLa and SiHa cells reduced cell proliferation, cell cycle, apoptosis, migration, invasion, and oxidative stress levels.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that LONP2 promotes cervical tumorigenesis via oxidative stress and may be a potential biomarker and therapeutic target in cervical cancer.