11 September 2018 : Laboratory Research
The Expression of Actin-Related Protein 2/3 Complex Subunit 5 (ARPC5) Expression in Multiple Myeloma and its Prognostic SignificanceTao Xiong1ACEF, Zeyu Luo2ABCDE*
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: LBR6340-6348
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyze the prognostic value of ARPC5 in patients with multiple myeloma (MM).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: MM gene expression studies GSE6477, GSE31162, GSE24080, and GSE19784 were obtained and analyzed. The expression of ARPC5 was assessed in normal plasma cells, baseline MM cells, and relapsed MM cells. Univariate and multivariable analyses were used to determine the relationship between ARPC5 expression and clinical characteristics and survivals of MM patients. Quantitative PCR was used to detect the expression ARPC5 in bone marrow mononuclear cells of MM patients and normal controls. GSEA was conducted to identify associated mechanisms.
RESULTS: ARPC5 expression was significantly increased in baseline MM cells compared to normal plasma cells (P=0.0414). Meanwhile, ARPC5 was significantly increased in relapsed MM cells compared to baseline MM cells (P<0.0001). ARPC5 expression was significantly associated with β2-microglobin (P=0.047), serum lactate dehydrogenase (P=0.007), and rates of aspirate plasma cells (P=0.007). Meanwhile, patients in the ARPC5 high expression group were associated with poor overall survival (P=0.0027) and event-free survival (P=0.0102) compared to those in the ARPC5 low expression group. Multivariable analysis indicated that ARPC5 was an independent prognostic factor for MM patients. Quantitative PCR demonstrated that ARPC5 was significantly increased in MM patients. GSEA results indicated that ARPC5 might affect cellular growth of myeloma cells through mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)C1 signaling pathway.
CONCLUSIONS: ARPC5 could be treated as an independent biomarker for patients with MM.
Keywords: Actin-Related Protein 2-3 Complex, Multiple Myeloma, Prognosis
01 January 2022 : EditorialEditorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Patients
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952
11 January 2022 : Clinical ResearchA Remote Questionnaire-Based Study to Compare Alcohol Use in 1030 Final-Year High School Students in Split-...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935567
08 November 2021 : Database AnalysisVirtual Screening and Molecular Docking to Study the Mechanism of Chinese Medicines in the Treatment of Cor...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934102
31 December 2021 : Clinical ResearchA Prospective Observational Study of 42 Patients with COVID-19 infection and a History of Hepatitis C Virus...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935075
19 Jan 2022 : Clinical ResearchA Retrospective Study to Compare the Effects of Methylprednisolone and Dexamethasone in 35 Patients with An...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934703
17 Jan 2022 : Clinical ResearchUnveiling the Differences in Biological Properties of Dental Pulp Stem Cells from Normal and Inflamed Pulp:...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934511
14 Jan 2022 : Database AnalysisIdentification of Key Genes Associated with Brain Metastasis from Breast Cancer: A Bioinformatics Analysis
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935071
Most Viewed Current Articles
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
01 Nov 2020 : Review articleLong-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996
05 Mar 2020 : Clinical ResearchThe Effects of Social Support on Sleep Quality of Medical Staff Treating Patients with Coronavirus Disease ...
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923549