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14 July 2018 : Animal Research  

Protective Effect of Dexmedetomidine on Endotoxin-Induced Acute Lung Injury in Rats

Peng Z. Meng1ABCDEF, Jing Liu2ACEFG*, Ping S. Hu1ABCDF, Fei Tong1ABC

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.908887

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: ANS4869-4875

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether DEX exerts protective mechanisms in rats with acute lung injury (ALI) induced by the endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The mortality rate of ALI is extremely high. DEX, an a2 adrenergic receptor agonist, has potent anti-inflammatory and organ-protective effects in addition to its sedative and analgesic properties. We sought to elucidate whether DEX can attenuate acute lung injury.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-eight Wister rats were randomly divided into 4 groups (n=12, per group): the normal saline control (NS) group, receiving tail-vein injection of 0.9% normal saline (5 mL/kg); the LPS (L) group, receiving tail-vein injection of LPS (8 mg/kg); the LPS+DEX (L+D) group, receiving tail-vein injection of LPS (8 mg/kg), 0.5h before treated with DEX (50 ug/kg); and the DEX+LPS (D+L) group, receiving tail-vein injection of LPS (8 mg/kg) 0.5 h after being treated with DEX (50 ug/kg). Then, we measured the wet‑to‑dry weight ratio of lung tissue, the ALI pathology score, and HE staining of lung tissue, and assessed the Oxygen Tension index.

RESULTS: The present study revealed that LPS‑induced rats exhibited significant lung injury, characterized by the deterioration of histopathology, ALI Pathology Score, wet‑to‑dry weight ratio, and Oxygen Tension index (MBP, PaO2, PaCO2, PH, HCO3-, and Lac), which were attenuated by DEX treatment.

CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, the present results demonstrate elucidate the molecular mechanisms by which DEX ameliorates LPS‑induced ALI.

Keywords: acute lung injury, Endotoxins

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750