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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


eISSN: 1643-3750

Effect of Different Esthetic Post-Core Materials on Color of Direct-Composite Restorations: A Preliminary Clinical Study

Buket Ayna, Berivan D. Yılmaz, Bozan S. Izol, Emrah Ayna, İbrahim Halil Tacir

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Dental Faculty Dicle University, Diyarbakır, Turkey

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: LBR4091-4100

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.908606

Available online: 2018-06-15

Published: 2018-06-15

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of 2 different esthetic post materials on the final color of direct-composite restorations by using a digital technique under in vivo conditions.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included 22 pulpless incisor teeth treated with conventionally cemented zirconia (n=11) and polyethylene fiber (n=11) posts in the study. Teeth were restored with a hybrid resin. The color of direct-composite restorations and contralateral control teeth was measured using a digital technique. The Commission Internationale de L’Eclairage, or CIE, L*a*b* and RGB color systems were investigated. Descriptive statistical analysis was performed for the CIE L*a*b* values. Color differences (ΔE) for the average L*, a*, and b* color parameters between every pair of groups were calculated (P>.05).
RESULTS: Significant differences were not found in the color difference luminosity (lum), R, G, B, and L* a* b* values between the zircon-rich glass fiber post (Z) and contralateral control teeth (Cz) (P>.05) and between the polyethylene fiber post (P) and contralateral control teeth (Cp) (P>.05). However, there was a statistically significant difference between the color a* values of the polyethylene fiber post (P) and contralateral control teeth (Cp) (p<0.05). Color differences (ΔE) between the zircon-rich glass fiber post (Z) and contralateral control teeth, and the polyethylene fiber post (P) and contralateral teeth were not statistically significant (P>.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Definitive restorations were equally affected by the 2 materials. Both materials can be used reliably in clinical practice. However, further research that focuses on the effect of intraoral conditions is needed.

Keywords: Color, Polyethylene, Zirconium