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Rs12976445 Polymorphism Is Associated with Post-Ablation Recurrence of Atrial Fibrillation by Modulating the Expression of MicroRNA-125a and Interleukin-6R

Xue-Bin Shen, Shao-Hong Zhang, Hai-Yang Li, Xi-Di Chi, Ling Jiang, Qi-Lei Huang, Shang-Hua Xu

Department of Cardiology, Affiliated Nanping First Hospital, Fujian Medical University, Nanping, Fujian, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:6349-6358

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.908555

Available online:

Published: 2018-09-11

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify the relationship between miR-125a polymorphism rs12976445 and the post-ablation recurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF), as well as to explore the underlying mechanism of miR-125a in AF recurrence.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Microarray analysis was performed to search for miRNAs potentially involved in the regulation of AF recurrence, while real-time PCR (polymerase chain reaction) and Western blot analyses were carried out to study the expression of miR-125a (microRNA-125a), IL-6R (interleukin-6 receptor), and IL-16 (interleukin-16) in different experimental groups, so as to understand the regulatory relationships among miR-125a, IL-6R, and IL-16. Subsequently, a logistic regression analysis was utilized to investigate the survival status of recurrent AF in subjects harboring different genotypes of rs12976445.
RESULTS: The subjects in the GG and GC/CC groups of miR-125a polymorphism rs12976445 showed no obvious difference regarding all demographic characteristics that were collected in this study. In addition, 19 miRNAs were identified as potentially involved in the regulation of AF recurrence. Among these miRNAs, 6 were upregulated and 13 were downregulated in the group with early recurrence. According to real-time PCR results, the expression of miR-125a was dramatically upregulated in LRAF (late recurrence of atrial fibrillation) as well as in subjects harboring the GG genotype. On the contrary, the level of IL-6R mRNA was dramatically downregulated in LRAF and subjects harboring the GG genotype. Furthermore, IL-6R was confirmed as a candidate target of miR-125a by a luciferase reporter assay.
CONCLUSIONS: MicroRNA-125a polymorphism rs12976445 plays a role in AF recurrence via the regulation of IL-6R.

Keywords: Atrial Fibrillation, Interleukin-6, Receptors, Interleukin-6