Matrix Metalloproteases-Mediated Cleavage on β-Dystroglycan May Play a Key Role in the Blood–Brain Barrier After Intracerebral Hemorrhage in Rats
Xin Zhang, Yunhe Gu, Peitong Li, Anqi Jiang, Xiaomeng Sheng, Xin Jin, Yue Shi, Guozhong Li
Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, Heilongjiang, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:794-800
It is well documented that the Blood–Brain barrier (BBB) can be damaged by matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), but little is known about the mechanism of this effect.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We established an ICH model in rats by injecting collagenase VII into the striatum. Afterwards, intraperitoneal injection of these rats with 40 mg/kg GM6001 (a MMPs inhibitor). The effects of GM6001 on ICH were investigated by neurological severity score, brain water content, Evans blue staining, hematoxylin-eosin staining, immunohistochemical staining, and Western blot assays.
RESULTS: We demonstrated that the neurological damage caused by ICH was relieved at 5 and 7 days following administration of GM6001. The impaired BBB induced by ICH was improved in response to GM6001 treatment at around 3 days, as evidenced by alleviated cerebral edema, decreased Evans blue extravasation, and a reduction in inflammatory cellular infiltration. Mechanism analysis revealed that ICH induced the generation of β-dystroglycan cleavage, which could be suppressed by GM6001 treatment. Furthermore, we found that recombinant MMP2 and MMP9 triggered the cleavage of β-dystroglycan in vitro, and this action could be inhibited by GM6001 administration.
CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, our results suggest that MMPs-mediated cleavage on β-dystroglycan may play an important role in BBB after ICH.
Keywords: Blood-Brain Barrier, Cerebral Hemorrhage, Dystroglycans, Matrix Metalloproteinases